projects

What is Internet of Things?

Internet of Things, simply termed as ‘IoT’ is an advanced technology which the industries are starting to adapt into their operation. IoT is simply an UI that a user can integrate into almost all the electrical/ electronic devices to transform them into a smarter one. This technology is also preferred by many industries for the variety of applications it offers for a user like real-time analytics, analysis of collected data, cloud data storage, trigger an action based on a value an user sets, remote notification etc.

Internet of Things [IEEE-2018] Projects

Code Number TITLE Abstract
SH19IOT001 5G Internet of Things (IOT) Near and Far-Fields and Regulatory Compliance Intricacies
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Abstract:-Internet of things (IOT) primarily consists of an instrumentation system that connects to the internet. Most modern applications of IOT would be integrated with wireless connectivity. Billions of sensing devices will be integrated with million types of wireless devices operating at varying frequency bands, power levels, and time intervals. Both intentional and unintentional radiations from the circuits of device instrumentation system, the collocated devices, and the operating environments can be higher than the operating sensitivity level of the wireless receivers. This paper reviews testability challenges of 5G IOT devices integrated with mmW and low frequency wireless. It also provides some insight on mmW near-field and far-field measurement challenges, and the necessity of radiated immunity evaluation. Lastly, it describes the theory used to explain the observation that the actual near-field or far-field starting distance is smaller than the calculated distance based on the overall dimensions of the massive MIMO antenna system and discusses the supporting experimental data. Keywords— 5G; EIRP; TRP; Radiated Immunity; millimeter Wave (mmW); massive MIMO; Near and Far-Fields

SH19IOT002 IoT Based Smart Edge for Global Health: Remote Monitoring with Severity Detection and Alerts Transmission
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Abstract:-Global health which denotes equitable access to healthcare, particularly in remote-rural-developing regions, is characterized by unique challenges of affordability, accessibility, and availability for which one of the most promising technological interventions that is emerging is the Internet of Things (IoT) based remote health monitoring. We present an IoT based smart edge system for remote health monitoring, in which wearable vital sensors transmit data into two novel software engines, namely Rapid Active Summarization for effective PROgnosis (RASPRO) and Criticality Measure Index (CMI) alerts, both of which we have implemented in the IoT smart edge. RASPRO transforms voluminous sensor data into clinically meaningful summaries called Personalized Health Motifs (PHMs). The CMI alerts engine computes an aggregate criticality score. Our IoT smart edge employs a risk-stratified protocol consisting of rapid guaranteed push of alerts & PHMs directly to the physicians, and best effort pull of detailed data-on-demand (DD-on-D) through the cloud. We have carried out both clinical validation and performance evaluation of our smart edge system. The clinical validation on 183 patients demonstrated that the IoT smart edge is highly effective in remote monitoring, advance warning and detection of cardiac conditions, as quantified by three measures, precision (0.87), recall (0.83), and F1-score (0.85). Furthermore, performance evaluation showed significant reductions in the bandwidth (98%) and energy (90%), thereby making it suitable for emerging narrow-band IoT networks. In the deployment of our system in the cardiology institute of our University hospital, we observed that our IoT smart edge helped to increase the availability of physicians by 59%. Hence, our IoT smart edge system is a significant step towards addressing the requirements for global health.

SH19IOT003 An IoT Application Service Using Mobile RFID Technology
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Abstract:-The RFID system consists of a transponder or tag,interrogator, and a back-end host system. Themobile RFID service combines the RFID system withthe mobile communication system for the mobileservice so that the user can use the RFID application service using smart phone. This service requires an RFID reader that is mounted on a user's smartphone or is easy to carry, and a device equipped with an RFID middleware can be linked to the OIS and the ONS. In this paper, RFID reader that can be easily used in smartphone environment and application service that can manage objects and verify authenticity by using RFID reader aresuggested.Keywords: Mobile RFID System, IoT Service

SH19IOT004 Automated Enhanced Learning System using IOT
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Abstract:-In current scenario engineering students arefacing problems in grasping the subjects, henceforth level andquality of education is regularly declining. One of the probablecause of this decline in quality of education is students are notable to understand and comprehend the subject. A solution to this problem is proposed in this paper. It is based on the theory of three preferential learning style of an individual namely visual, auditory and kinesthetic (VAK Theory). So the present approach is based on classifying the students based on their learning styles and allotting them assignments as per their preferential learning styles accordingly. The proposed systemput forwards an IOT based system which will automaticallycategorize students, keep the record of their performance,assignment, submission history etc. This will help in reducingmanpower of faculty member and enhance the performance ofstudents from 5 to 42% by custom designing activities as per theinnate learning style.Keywords— IOT, learning style, VAK theory

SH19IOT005 Design and Implementation of a Wearable Sensor Network System for IoT-Connected Safety and Health Applications
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Abstract:-This paper presents a wearable sensor networksystem for Internet of Things (IoT) connected safety and healthapplications. Safety and health of workers are important forindustrial workplace; therefore, an IoT network system whichcan monitor both environmental and physiological can greatly improve the safety in the workplace. The proposed network system incorporates multiple wearable sensors to monitor en-vironmental and physiological parameters. The wearable sensors on different subjects can communicate with each other and transmit the data to a gateway via a LoRa network which forms aheterogeneous IoT platform with Bluetooth-based medical signalsensing network. Once harmful environments are detected and,the sensor node will provide an effective notification and warningmechanism for the users. A smart IoT gateway is implemented toprovide data processing, local web server and cloud connection.After the gateway receives the data from wearable sensors, itwill forward the data to an IoT cloud for further data storage,processing and visualization.Index Terms—Wearable sensors; LoRa; Connected health;Safety; BAN.

SH19IOT006 Intelligent Border Security Intrusion Detection using IoT and Embedded systems
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Abstract:-Border areas are generally considered as placeswhere great deal of violence, intrusion and cohesion betweenseveral parties happens. This often led to danger for the life ofemployees, soldiers and common man working or living inborder areas. Further geographical conditions like mountains,snow, forest, deserts, harsh weather and water bodies often lead to difficult access and monitoring of border areas.Proposed system uses thermal imaging camera (FLIR) for detection of various objects and infiltrators. FLIR is assigned an IP address and connected through local network to the control center. Software code captures video and subsequentlythe intrusion detection. A motor controlled spotlight withinfrared and laser gun is used to illuminate under variousconditions at the site. System also integrates sound sensor todetect specific sounds and motion sensors to sense suspiciousmovements. Based on the decision, a buzzer and electriccurrent through fence for further protection can be initiated.Sensors are be integrated through IoT for an efficient controlof large border area and connectivity between sites.Keywords—Internet of things, Raspberry Pi, FLIR.

SH19IOT007 Interoperability for Disaster Relief Operations in Smart City Environments
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Abstract:-Internet-of-Things (IoT) technologies in the pastdecade have matured both in the hardware and software aspectsfor large-scale deployment. Alongst IoT, the Smart Cities Conceptis also taking shape. Pilot projects and implementations in multi-ple cities are trying to find out the feasibility and applicability ofSmart City Information and Communications Technology (ICT).IoT assets along with the legacy assets are essential for SmartCity ICT implementations.With the evolution of Smart Cities and concentration ofpeople in the cities, it becomes necessary to be ready forfuture Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Recovery (HADR)operations. But the huge void in heterogeneous IoT and legacytechnologies create a big hurdle in establishing and handling theHADR operations. This aim of this PhD is to investigate theinteroperability aspects amongst the various IoT technologiesand Smart City concepts. The goal is to create a frameworkand an architecture for allowing the interoperable operation ofICT assets in a Smart City environment. This framework wouldenable rapid deployment of HADR relevant technology assetson the ground allowing multiple HADR agencies to seamlesslycommunicate while having shared Situational Awareness (SA)and complementing each others capabilities.Index Terms—IoT, Smart City, Interoperability, ICT, Civilian-Military Co-operation, Situational Awareness

SH19IOT008 IOT based Electrical Device Surveillance and Control System
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Abstract:-with every enhancement in Internet in terms ofspeed and bandwidth, IOT (Internet Of things) is taking themarket on a new node and knocking the door with newopportunities of inventions.This paper talks about an energysaving electrical device Surveillance and Control system based on IOT.A large amount of energy is consumed by lighting appliances, so making improved efficiency and quick fault detection is a significant challenge. In this work, two different model approaches is followed depending on the nature of application. For small areas or confined premises IEEE 802.11wireless technology is used where all the appliances isconnected to a common Wi-Fi network.In the second modellike street lamp pole where number of appliances grows only inone direction, wired configuration is used to avoid range issue.Keywords—Street light; Traffic Signal, Signal Control;Wireless Communication; IEEE 802.11; Node MCU;ESP8266;Energy efficiency; Node Red; Raspberry Pi;MCP23008.

SH19IOT009 Smart Flying Umbrella Drone on Internet of Things: AVUS
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Abstract:-Internet of things (IoT) and Smart Tings has gained wide interest across various segments such as telecommunications, informatics, electronics and social science. In this paper, we propose (Aqlli va Uchuvchi Soyabon(AVUS)) a new Smart Flying Umbrella which is not only to prevent the rain it also provides a variance of services to users. However, with the use of smartphone application,Smart flying Umbrella can inform the customer about the weather status. The presence of the smart fly Umbrella has a different appearance such as giving the alarm before raining also the times of harmful sun rays with the help of thesmartphone depend on the IoT environment. It is evidentfrom the term that our purposing new smart device cansubstitute the older ones’ functions by flying above thehuman’s head and in this case, it doesn’t need any human’sassistance. This paper is going to clarify the initial form andconception of AVUS. Apart from this, the paper mainlyfocuses on possible device and methods which dedicated to thedevice in order to represent some peculiarities to followhumans and it presents feasible problems that can be facedwhile carrying out these functions and supports possiblesolutions.Keywords— IoT, Smart Things, Flying Umbrella,Smart Flying Umbrella, Drone, Internet of Things.

SH19IOT010 Fuzzy-PID controller for Two Wheels Balancing Robot Based on STM32 Microcontroller
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Abstract:-In this paper, a fuzzy-PID controller is proposed to regulate the movement of two wheels balancing robot. The fuzzy-PID controller is a combination of a fuzzy controller and PID controllers for the balancing and movement or distance of the two wheels balancing robot. The fuzzy controller is designed based on relation models for the robot’s balancing. The PIDcontrollers are proposed to control the robot’s position. Thewhole fuzzy-PID is ported and run on a real-time operatingsystem using an STM32F4 Discovery Kit. The received resultsshowed advantages of the fuzzy-PID controller.Keywords— system control, fuzzy control, PID control, two wheels balancing robot, STM32 microcontroller.

SH19IOT011 Smart Health Monitoring System through IOT
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Abstract:-IOT is one of the booming field in forthcoming years and plays a major role in the field of health care. IOT helps in connecting the people by empowering their health and wealth in a smart way through wearable gadgets. Recent improvement in wireless sensor networks have created a new trend in internet of things. Smart health is important application in Internet of things. Patients with abnormal health conditions can be quickly monitored through smart health care system and provide a rapid solution for the patients. This type of solutions can be encountered through wearable gadgets that continuously monitor the activity and condition of the patient in a predictable method. The main aim of this work is to provide an extensive research in capturing the sensor data’s, analyzing the data and providing a feedback to patients based on different health parameters. Index Terms—Smart watch, IOT, Thingspeak, Android application, IFTTT.

SH19IOT012 SURE-H: A Secure IoT Enabled Smart Home
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Abstract:-With the growing technology, the demand for smart things is drastically increased in daily-life. The IoT (Internet of Things) is one of the major components that provides facility to interact with IoT enabled devices. In this work, we proposea secure and efficient smart home system that enable to protecthomes from theft or unusual activities and parallelly saves power.Our system is developed by exploiting the features of IoT thatfacilitates us to monitor an IoT enabled home from anywhereanytime over the Internet when data are stored in the cloud. Thissystem uses a motion detector to detect a moving object fromthe environment where the system is deployed. The proposedsystem is evaluated using real-time deployment at KU campusconsidering 30 rooms for 60 days and found really useful in termsof safeness from any theft and saving power in comparison toexisting systems.Index Terms—IoT; smart home; android smart phone; homeautomation; motion sensor.

SH19IOT013 Three Tier Architecture for IoT Driven Health
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Abstract:-Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have witnessed advancement in medical services from real-time tracking and computer-assisted machine to alert response systems. Due to a tremendous shortage of trained manpower and a huge costfor setting up state-of-the-art facilities, it is often not possibleto deliver proper health care services in the rural and remoteareas. Lack of accurate and timely information further addscomplexity and challenges to the problem. The proposed systemuses a three-tier architecture that can be generally applied toWSN based healthcare systems. The proposed model monitorsthe patient body temperature, heartbeat, and body positionmovements constantly, and sends this information to site pagesand crisis centres/services from the remote location. WSNs arecomposed of low power consuming sensors. Raspberry pi is acredit card sized board that uses 5V power supply. The proposedand implemented system prototype uses raspberry pi that isdriven by Internet of Things (IoT) connected through differentsensors DS18B20, ADXL345, ADC1015 and heartbeat sensor. Theframework additionally gives crisis warning to a specialist andsends the information on a web server. The framework utilizesDS18B20, heartbeat sensor, and accelerometer. The system isdesigned secured by providing a mechanism to authenticate theuser to get access to patient data. Implemented system hardwareprototype consists of two controllers that provide a mechanismto bring personal health status in the normal range in case ofemergency.Index Terms—IoT, Health monitoring system, Raspberry Piand IoT, Architecture.

SH19IOT014 Analysis of Vehicle Activities and Live Streaming using IOT
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Abstract:-This paper presents analysis of vehicle activities and live streaming that helps to analysis the cause of vehicular accidents and optimizes the face detection and recognition speed. The aim is to analysis accidents by tracking what occurs in vehicles. Send the alert message to the pre-stored number in case of any accident occurs. Use sensors to record the varied driving information. After the accident information can be collected using SD card. The system use external sensor such as GPS is to collect video and location data. The proposed system has ability to control live video streaming over the internet via cloud computing.

SH19IOT015 IoT based Smart Traffic density Control using Image Processing
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Abstract:-With the rapid development of road infrastructure, the volume of vehicle on the road network increases which leads to traffic Congestion. The same scenario exists in the Sultanate of Oman. Traffic congestions are amongst the top list of theproblems faced in Muscat and other cities in the Sultanate ofOman. This is mainly caused due to the rapid up rise in thenumber of vehicles in a short span of time. To overcome suchimpact of traffic congestions, it is required to develop an IoTBased traffic control system. The proposed system would be basedon the measurement of the actual traffic density on the road. Thiswould be achieved using a real time video and image processingtechniques. Wherein the images captured and are stored in theserver, which will be compared with the real time image capturedvia camera to identify the density. The theme is to control thetraffic by determining the traffic density on each side of the roadand enabling a controlling option of the traffic signal to the userthrough a software application.Index Terms—Internet of Things, Smart traffic lights, Imageprocessing.

SH19IOT016 Nodal Authentication of IoT Data Using Blockchain
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Abstract:-Pervasive systems over the years continuous to grow exponentially. Engagement of IoT in fields such as Agriculture,Home automation, industrial applications etc is on the rise. Self organizing networks within the IoT field give rise to engagement ofvarious nodes for data communication. The rise in Cyber-attacks within IoT pose a lot of threat to these connected nodes andhence there is a need for data passing through nodes to be verified during communication. In this paper we proposed a nodalauthentication approach in IoT using blockchain in securing the integrity of data passing through the nodes in IoT. In our work,we engaged the GOST algorithm in our approach. At the end, we achieved a nodal authentication and verification of thetransmitted data. This makes it very difficult for an attacker to fake a node in the communication chain of the connected nodes.Data integrity was achieved in the nodes during the communication

SH19IOT017 ES3B: Enhanced Security System for Smart Building using IoT
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Abstract:-In the modern world, the Internet-of-Things (IoT)has become a buzzword. The sole impetus behind the advent of IoT is the fact that the people require more advanced and automated systems to improve the quality of their lives on aregular basis. The automated technology, which was only confinedto the walls of a factory or a production unit has dismantled thosewalls and reached to the everyday household of the commonman of today, but a deaf ear is turned to the security andsafety of the mankind in a majority of cases which results in theincreasing crime rates despite having state-of-the-art technology.Our system, called ‘enhanced security system for smart buildingusing IoT (ES3B)’ is an effort to improve the quality of life ofa common man of today as well as to improve his safety andsecurity by resorting to the most common and available resourcesin the existing century. The proposed idea is implemented in opensource platform Android, which is the most eminent IoT platformof the modern days.Index Terms—Arduino, Cloud, IoT, Security.

SH19IOT018 An IoT based Smart Parking System using LoRa
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Abstract:-Internet of Things (IoT) plays a fundamental role in connecting the ecological things around us to a network. It helps us monitor the parameters of the things with the usage of sensors that are familiarize for remote sensing of the specificdata and forward the information over the network cloud bymeans of Internet Connection. This paper centers around theidea of knowing the status of parking availability in a parking lotthrough Internet with the help of Internet of Things Technology.This uses Ultrasonic sensor to detect the vehicle in the parkingslot, TTGO-ESP32-LoRa (transmitter) boards placed at differentparking lots in different places to transmit the data. TTGO-ESP32-LoRa (receiver) receives the data which is placed nearto the parking lots and also sends the slot information to IBMWatson IoT platform through WiFi protocol present in the Esp32board. The status of the parking availability can also be viewedin the Android Phone.Keywords—IoT, sensor, LoRa, Smart Parking, Smart city, ESP-32, IBM Watson.

SH19IOT019 Intelligent Medicinal Plant Factory
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Abstract:-The development of medicinal plants has been annually increasing with a projected market of 1.11 billion USD in the future. The majority of medicinal plants in Taiwan relies on imports, which can be mixed in quality and contain variouscontaminants, such as pesticides, heavy metals and otherpollutants, or sales of incorrect substitutes, as well as the problemof inefficacy or taking the wrong medicine. In order to avoid theseproblems, this research develops a set of methods for following theproduction history of hydroponic or soil cultivated plants andquality inspection throughout the entire process of planting tofinal delivery, as Good Agricultural and Collection Practices(GACP) was used as the resume architecture of medicinal plants,while the Internet of Things (IoT) under networking technologywould help to collect and control data. By experiments, the optimalgrowth parameters of medicinal plants were found and could beused to carry out preventive automatic control by C4.5 algorithm.During planting and after harvest, image classification anddetection were achieved by faster R-CNN and Inception Resnet V2,as the plant’s growth cycle was compared to confirm if medicinalplants were consistent with their optimal growth conditions, aswell as predicting the nutrient content. The production history andIoT system experiment have established in the cooperation factoryfor one month which can be remotely monitored. The cultivatedplants are mainly Taiwan Jewel Orchid, with about 10,000 plants.With artificial intelligence (AI), the system is possible to identifyclear leaves.Keywords—GACP, IoT, image detection, automatically control.

SH19IOT020 IOT BASED MILITARY ASSISTANCE AND SURVEILLANCE
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Abstract:- A long way from home and friends and family, these saints forfeit their own lives so the whole country can rest in peace. Military Assistance and Surveillance System (MASS) can get a sensational effect on troopers making the country more secured. This framework is joins a few propelled highlights that could spare the lives of fighters in mission basic situations. MASS is intended to incorporate data obtaining and preparing to upgrade summon and control of a military unit. Advances in this model incorporate a land data framework, Multi sensor information combination framework, figuring gadgets and IoT-based correspondence framework for troopers. Once completely created and demonstrated, MASS will be basic components of the Army's system driven fighting project and will connect infantry level troops on the front line to the summon base camp. It will likewise arrange ground troops with the different Army order central command and incorporate all components in a fight gathering, giving constant strategic situations. MASS will have the capacity to get and transmit information, for example, land data and sensor information including air conditions, wellbeing status and messages enabling the officers to get to the ongoing data at the same time with the summon home office. Keywords— Surveillance, Wireless sensor networks, Energy efficiency, Schedules, Military communication, Security.

SH19IOT021 Data Acquisition and Analysis Methods in UAV- based Applications for Precision Agriculture
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Abstract:-Emerging technologies such as Internet of Things (IoT) can provide significant potential in Precision Agricultureenabling the acquisition of real-time environmental data. IoT devices like Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) equipped withcameras, sensors, and GPS receivers can deliver a variety of IoT services and applications related to fields management, by capturing images from great heights. However, there are many issues to be resolved before the effective use of UAVs in the agriculture domain, including the data collection and processing methods. There is still no standardized workflow and processesfor most UAV-based applications for Precision Agriculture. In this paper, we summarize the data acquisition methods andtechnologies to acquire images in UAV-based Precision Agriculture and appoint the benefits and drawbacks of each one.

SH19IOT022 "An IoT-based Home Automation System Using Wi-Fi Wireless Sensor Networks"
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Abstract:-With the Chatbot API, this paper proposes an IoT-based home automation system. The Chatbot simplifies the userinterface and allows users being able to control each device athome by way of chatting with Chatbot. To build up the system, theLine messaging API is adopted to conduct smart home applications. After the user interacts with Chatbot, Line Server transmits the conversation message to the back-end analysis platform through HTTPS secure transmission. Once the platform analyzes the messages and makes relevant decisions, control messages will be transmitted to the central control board through MQTTcommunication to control various appliances at home. Todemonstrate the efficacy, a prototype automation system isimplemented. The experimental results show that the proposedsystem with Chatbot achieves applications such as mart adjustment,emotion regulation, and security monitoring in a natural human-like interaction way.Keywords—Smart home automation, MQTT, Line app, Chatbot

SH19IOT023 A control method to prevent falling from a treadmill based on STM32 microcontroller and ultrasonic transducer
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Abstract:-A Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) acquires brain signals, analyzes and translates them into commands that are relayed to actuation devices for carrying out desired actions. With the widespread connectivity of everyday devices realized by the advent of the Internet of Things (IoT), BCI can empower individuals to directly control objects such as smart home appliances or assistive robots, directly via their thoughts. However, realization of this vision is faced with a number of challenges, most importantly being the issue of accurately interpreting the intent of the individual from the raw brain signals that are often of low fidelity and subject to noise. Moreover, pre-processing brain signals and the subsequent feature engineering are both time-consuming and highly reliant on human domain expertise. To address the aforementioned issues, in this paper, we propose a unified deep learning based framework that enables effective human-thing cognitive interactivity in order to bridge individuals and IoT objects. We design a reinforcement learning based Selective Attention Mechanism (SAM) to discover the distinctive features from the input brain signals. In addition, we propose a modified Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) to distinguish the inter-dimensional information forwarded from the SAM. To evaluate the efficiency of the proposed framework, we conduct extensive real-world experiments and demonstrate that our model outperforms a number of competitive state-of-the-art baselines. Two practical real-time human-thing cognitive interaction applications are presented to validate the feasibility of our approach.

SH19IOT024 Fingerprint Authentication using Raspberry Pi based on IoT
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Abstract:-User authentication is getting inflexible in ourInternet of Things (IoT) world. Current approaches forauthentication, such as passwords abetted by a second factor, arebeing reduced moot due to human fault as well as the improvedsophistication of further malware attacks. We proposed a way ofFinger print authentication is centered on minutiae matching where bifurcation, ridge ending are calculated as points and matched. This method is more vigorous than matching based on pattern and singularity points. The fingerprint is collected by optical sensor,which relays to cloud via Raspberry Pi. The fingerprints to beauthenticated are stowed in a file server and webserver performs1:N verification once it obtains the data through POST request. Itsends out a retort based on match score along with fingerprintindex ID. Our process is secure as fingerprints are stored on serverrather local platform..

SH19IOT025 Advanced IOT Based Combined Remote Health Monitoring, Home Automation and Alarm System
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Abstract:-"Nowadays, automation and Internet of Things arechanging the world. The day-by-day development of the Internetof Things causes a revolution in modern technology, which makesour life easier and automated. Due to a busy schedule andirregular lifestyle, health hazard is not an age-dependent factor in the recent era. Under these circumstances, Internet of Things has provided a much easier solution for remote real-time health monitoring of patients from the hospital as well as home. Sensors acquire the data of various parameters regarding patients’ health, and the Internet of Things stores that data and displaysthrough the website, which provides access for remotemonitoring. Use of Sensor reduces the human error, and the sizeof the system reduces the occupied space of the room. The uniquepart of this proposed solution is the alarm generation to providethe prescribed medicine to the patient in time. The otherbeneficial area of the system is the scheme of sending thenotification through email and SMS alert if any of the healthparameters crosses the threshold value. Notification scheme willkeep the respective authority conscious of the situation. Anothersignificant area of the proposed solution is to create the optimumsurroundings as per the requirement of patient’s healthcondition. In this paper, we have discussed the monitoring ofheart rate, blood pressure, respiration rate, body temperature,body movement and saline levels.Keywords— Raspberry Pi; Alarm; Heart rate Sensor; Bloodpressure Sensor; Respiration Sensor; Body temperature Sensor ;Accelerometer Sensor; Appliance Control."

SH19IOT026 IoT Based Indoor Location Detection System for Smart Home Environment
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Abstract:-"Smart home environment is expected to meet the requirements, essentially for the aging population, to support the concept of ”aging in place”, to provide reliable care and to ensure safety and proper diagnosis by keeping track of dailyliving, medical condition of the resident and providing feedbackto the caregiver. In order to meet these requirements, smarthome of today should support a number of functionalities. Onesuch functionality of a smart home environment is the locationdetection. In this work, we propose a voice based locationdetection system which can be integrated in a smart homeenvironment. Our location detection system uses Amazon Echoas the voice interface and HC-SR04 ultrasonic sensor to detectlocation of specific patients. The proposed location detection willbe suitable for large scale application where we may need tokeep track of multiple patients. Moreover, the inclusion of voiceenabled feature to this system will reduce the burden of learningcurve of new technologies on family and caregivers therebyimproving the quality of life.Keywords: Smart Home, Location Detection, AmazonEcho, Quality of Life, Aging in Place"

SH19IOT027 A cloud-IoT model for reconfigurable Radio Sensing: the Radio.Sense platform
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Abstract:-In this paper we elaborate on the challenges that emerge when designing open IoT models and methods to enable passive "radio vision" functions within a cloud Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) environment. Radio vision allows to passivelydetect and track any moving/fixed object or people, by usingradio waves as probe signals that encode a 2D/3D view of theenvironment they propagate through. View reconstruction fromthe received radio signals is based on data analytic tools, thatcombine multiple radio measurements from possibly heteroge-neous IoT networks. The goal of the study is to define thebaseline specifications that are necessary to integrate this newtechnology into a cloud-IoT architecture. Following emergingsemantic interoperability concepts, we propose an expressiveontology model to represent the radio vision concept and allow forinteroperability with other systems. For accelerated integration ofradio vision functions the open Radio.Sense platform is designedas compliant with existing models (oneM2M based ontologies)..

SH19IOT028 IoT lighting: Towards a connected buildingeco-system
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Abstract:-Greater adoption of light emitting diodes and in-tegration of information and communication technologies (ICT)is transforming lighting into the Internet-of-Things (IoT) era.In this paper, we outline the role IoT lighting can play in aconnected building eco-system. We present a generic IoT lightingsystem architecture, and explain how lighting systems can serveas a provider of both lighting and non-lighting data. A systemcontrol and data web services model is then proposed throughwhich a third-party can access lighting system data. We finallyprovide examples of new applications and services enabled withIoT lighting data.Index Terms—IoT lighting, sensors, data analytics and services.

SH19IOT029 MEDIBOX – IoT Enabled Patient Assisting Device
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Abstract:-The health and wellness sector is critical to humansociety and as such should be one of the first to receive thebenefits of upcoming technologies like IoT. Some of the Internetof Medical Things (IoMT) are connected to IoT networks tomonitor the day-to-day activities of the patients. Recently therehas been attempts to design new medical devices which monitorthe medications and help aged people for a better assisted living.In this paper, one such attempt is made to design a multipurposeportable intelligent device named MEDIBOX which helps thepatients take their medications at the right time. This box is aproficient system which maintains the parameters liketemperature and humidity in a controlled range recommendedby the drug manufacturer and thus maintains the potency of themedicines even if the patient is travelling. Related to this, we havedeveloped a Host Management System (HMS) which is capable ofcloud-based installation and monitoring that stores and controlsthe MEDIBOX functionality for further analysis and futuremodification in design aspectsIndex Terms— Internet of Medical Things; Compliance; HostManagement System; Assisting Device; Cloud Storage

SH19IOT030 WE-Safe: A Wearable IoT Sensor Node for SafetyApplications via LoRa
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Abstract:-"This paper presents a wearable Internet of Things(IoT) sensor node aimed at monitoring harmful environmentalconditions for safety applications via LoRa wireless technology.The proposed sensor node is low-power and supports multipleenvironmental sensors. A LoRa based gateway is used to connectsensors to the Internet. We mainly focus on monitoring carbonmonoxide, carbon dioxide, ultraviolet, and some general envi-ronmental parameters. Poor environment quality could causesevere health problems to individuals. Therefore, surroundingenvironmental data is gathered by the wearable node in a real-time manner and then transmitted to a remote cloud server.The data can then be displayed to authorized users througha web-based application located in the cloud server and thedevice will give alert to the user via mobile application when anemergency condition occurs. The experimental results indicatethat our safety monitoring network can work reliably with lowpower consumption.Index Terms—Internet of Things, wireless sensor networks,wearable sensor nodes, safety application, environmental moni-toring."

SH19IOT031 A Simulation Study of a Smart Living IoT Solution
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Abstract:-"We report a simulation study of a smart living IoTsolution for elderly people living in their own houses. Our studywas conducted in the context of BoIT project in Sweden thatinvestigates the use of various IoT devices for remote housingand care-giving services. We focus on a carephone device thatenables to establish a voice connection via IP with care givers orrelatives. We have developed a simulation model to study the IoTsolution for elderly care in the Vaxj ̈ o municipality in Sweden. ̈The simulation model can be used to address various issues, suchas determining the lack or excess of resources or long waitingtimes, and study the system behavior when the number of alarmsis increased. Simulation results indicate that a 15% increase inthe arrivals rate would cause unacceptable long waiting timesfor patients to receive the care.Index Terms—remote elderly care, smart living, simulation,Internet of Things (IoT)"

SH19IOT032 Voice Recognition by GoogleHome and Raspberry Pi forSmart Socket Control
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Abstract:-"In recent years, due to the progress ofinformation technologies, the home-living pattern has beenincreasingly supplanted by smart home. Although smart homestyle can bring enormous benefits to people, the technologybecomes ubiquitous in these years. Enterprises still cannotintegrate the functional divisions of smart home mode.Consumers are hard to rummage the products they need.Therefore, in this paper, we build a tailor-made function forusers without their attempt, we made use of Google Home'svoice recognition with the conception of machine-learning toprove the feasibility analysis about fulfilling the users' needs bya smart home pattern with the design of machine learning. Theexperiment let users give comments to Google Home's voicerecognition, then transfer the Bluetooth signal to Raspberry Pito control devices.Keywords—smart home; IoT; machine; learning; raspberrypi; bluetooth 4.0"

SH19IOT033 IOT Based Controlling of Hybrid Energy Systemusing ESP8266
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Abstract:-" In this paper, authors have focused on controlling ofhybrid energy system using IOT. There is various combination ofenergy and all of them are alternative to each other like solarenergy, wind energy, bio fuel, fuel cell, etc. But the need ofcontrolling of hybrid energy system arises when it is installed fordomestic or commercial purpose. At this point IOT plays animportant role in controlling system. The main criteria beingswitching between the two sources of energy i.e. solar and windenergy without any inconvenience through a website using ESP8266Wi-Fi module. The data is transmitted wirelessly through website toESP8266 module which controls the sources of energy. Thetransmitted data is controlled remotely using IOT. This enablesuser to have flexible control mechanism remotely through a securedinternet web connection. This system helps the user to control thesources of energy, manually and remotely using smart phone orpersonal computer. This system is very efficient, cheaper andflexible in operation.Keywords: IOT, Controlling of Hybrid System, Home Automation,ESP8266, Router, Arduino IDE"

SH19IOT034 IoT based Smart Home Automation System usingSensor Node
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Abstract:-"In recent years, the advancements in Informationand Communication Technology (ICT) are mainly focused onthe Internet of Things (IoT). In a real-world scenario, IoT basedservices improve the domestic environment and are used invarious applications. Home automation based IoT is versatile andpopular applications. In home automation, all home appliancesare networked together and able to operate without humaninvolvement. Home automation gives a significant change inhumans life which gives smart operating of home appliances. Thismotivated us to develop a new solution which controls some homeappliances like light, fan, door cartons, energy consumption, andlevel of the Gas cylinder using various sensors like LM35, IRsensors, LDR module, Node MCU ESP8266, and Arduino UNO.The proposed solution uses the sensor and detects the presence orabsence of a human object in the housework accordingly. Oursolution also provides information about the energy consumed bythe house owner regularly in the form of message. Also, it checks,the level of gas in the gas cylinder if it reaches lesser than thethreshold, it automatically books the gas and sends a referencenumber as a message to the house owner. The proposed solutionis deployed and tested for various conditions. Finally, in thispaper, the working model of our proposed solution is developedas a prototype and explained as a working model.Keywords—Smarthome; IoT;Homeautomation; Sensors; ICT;"

SH19IOT035 IoT Approach to Save Life using GPS forthe Traveller during Accident
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Abstract:-" Thousands lose their valuable life in vehicleaccidents everyday due to the traffic, road condition andspeed. By using GPS antenna and latest technologicalconcept of IoT , accident can be immediately reported,reduced and human life can be saved; by connectingdifferent kinds of sensors to different parts or position ofvehicle . In-tern by making these sensors to communicatewith the hospital or ambulance immediate treatment can begiven to the injured person during accident. In this paper, wehave designed and implemented by connecting to differentsensors to vehicle, which notifies the registered memberswhenever accident takes place. Using the GPS exactgeographic location will be sent to registered user. In thisproposed system tilt sensor is used to detect the accidentcaused due to tilting, vibration sensor to detects the accidentif there is a hard vibration of vehicle due to road conditionand IR sensor is used for notifying if vehicle is too close tosome other vehicle or obstacles.Keywords- Accident detection, Arduino, GPS, IoT, sensor,Vehicle."

SH19IOT036 Fast Access for ZigBee-enabled IoT Devices Using Raspberry Pi
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Abstract:-" With the development of Internet of Things (IoT) technology, the application of IoT is more and moreimportantly widespread. Meanwhile, how to achieve fast access for various IoT devices, especially for a large-scaleof IoT devices, also has been a significant challenge in the development of IoT systems. To address this issue, a fastaccess protocol for ZigBee-enabled IoT devices is proposed in this paper, in which, the ZigBee module embedded ina registering IoT device could automatically obtain a Personal Area Network (PAN) address and instantly access thetarget ZigBee wireless network through the signaling interactions among the involved protocol entities. After that, theoperation and control of the accessed IoT devices are conducted based on the ZigBee communications. To evaluate theeffectiveness and efficiency of this protocol, a prototype system is developed. The experiment and analysis results alsohave been shown to demonstrate the performance by comparing with the existing access methods.Key Words: IoT, ZigBee, Fast Access, Effectiveness and Efficiency"

SH19IOT037 Voice Activation and Control to ImproveHuman Robot Interactions with IoT Perspectives
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Abstract:-"Digital Voice Assistants are an emerging technologydue to improvements on mobile communication and computingtechnologies. They became more popular in recent years, sincemarketing strategies on intelligent/smart-home devices. Homerobotics are widespread their existence in the society to as-sist humans in various tasks. Majority of the applications onsmart environments are relying on Internet of Things (IoT)devices that closely related with voice activation and control,which can be considered as a foundation of assistive and homerobotics. Human-robot interaction is very important exercise inall robotic applications from home robotics to highly dangerouslife threatening work environments that are on the focus ofassistive robotics sector. Smart home assistants are relying onthe base of processing verbal requests by looking for key wordsin the conversation, Amazon Echo and Google Home are the mostwell-known examples. These key words triggers the predefinedskills, a computer program controlling this intelligent system, tofulfill the users requests. A simple structure of the process worksboth directions, between the user and the device by providing averbal request and receiving a verbal feedback from the device.In this study, we built and tested a system, a humanoid robottorso deployed with an IoT device, to control and simulate theprocess of assistive robotic workload. We tried to improve theeffects of human robot interactions to close the loop using aninteractive functioning for grading its effectiveness.Index Terms—Human robot interactions, humanoid robot,assistive robotics, Amazon Echo, Echo controls robot, Internetof robotic things, smart home."

SH19IOT038 IoT based framework for Vehicle Over-speed detection
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Abstract:-"Digital Voice Assistants are an emerging technologydue to improvements on mobile communication and computingtechnologies. They became more popular in recent years, sincemarketing strategies on intelligent/smart-home devices. Homerobotics are widespread their existence in the society to as-sist humans in various tasks. Majority of the applications onsmart environments are relying on Internet of Things (IoT)devices that closely related with voice activation and control,which can be considered as a foundation of assistive and homerobotics. Human-robot interaction is very important exercise inall robotic applications from home robotics to highly dangerouslife threatening work environments that are on the focus ofassistive robotics sector. Smart home assistants are relying onthe base of processing verbal requests by looking for key wordsin the conversation, Amazon Echo and Google Home are the mostwell-known examples. These key words triggers the predefinedskills, a computer program controlling this intelligent system, tofulfill the users requests. A simple structure of the process worksboth directions, between the user and the device by providing averbal request and receiving a verbal feedback from the device.In this study, we built and tested a system, a humanoid robottorso deployed with an IoT device, to control and simulate theprocess of assistive robotic workload. We tried to improve theeffects of human robot interactions to close the loop using aninteractive functioning for grading its effectiveness.Index Terms—Human robot interactions, humanoid robot,assistive robotics, Amazon Echo, Echo controls robot, Internetof robotic things, smart home."

SH19IOT039 Bike Sensor System Design for Safety and Healthy Riding
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Abstract:-"In view of the growing popularity and increasingpresence of public bicycle sharing systems and of the fact thatbikes are widely used as a convenient means of transportation aswell as an equipment for exercise. This proposed system is basedon IoT sensor network in which the data of PM2.5 is collected andsent to the cloud for monitoring use. Each bike user with thismobile app contributes to the data collection and enjoys thebenefit of staying informed of the air quality along various routesfrom big data retrieved in real time from the cloud. In addition,the integrated IoT sensor platform device mounted beneath thebike seat contains three ultrasonic sensors for the rear, left andright sides, aimed at providing extra security for the cyclists inthe form of graphic reminder and warning sound as alerts onsmartphone."

SH19IOT040 Using Internet of Things in a Learning ManagementSystem for Campus Access Control
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Abstract:-"The Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm is aninnovative technology that connects any physical object smartlyto the Internet in order to exchange, store and process real-timedata with its surrounding environment and people. IoT plays avital role in the education area where the need to have a “smart”environment instead of a conventional one has arisen. Many“smart” services are implemented in university campuses such assmart lighting, tracking and parking by using environment,security or safety sensors to detect motion, smoke, fire or water;automate the opening/closing of doors or lighting and monitoringuniversity equipment [1]. However, these functionalities can beextended to the university Learning Management System (LMS)that is a centralized educational platform used by mostuniversities to host, create, and deliver online courses to students.In this paper, we discuss the integration process betweenLMS and IoT, its importance in the education sector and its mainapplications. We emphasize on a “security” enhancement featureto be added to an existing university LMS, to meet the urgentneed of secure access to campus events and reduce the risk ofemergencies and public safety threats. The paper presents thedesign and implementation of the “security” feature that uses anArduino IoT device to allow secure access to university eventsfrom MOODLE LMS.Keywords — Internet of Things (IoT), Learning ManagementSystem (LMS), e-learning trends, security enhancement, campusaccess, Arduino"

SH19IOT041 A Personal Healthcare IoT System model usingRaspberry Pi 3
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Abstract:-" Information and communication technologies aregrowing rapidly with the emergence of new technology calledInternet of things (IoT). Communication network helps IoTdevices to connect physically. Various devices in IoT systemsinteracts with each other and share information directly and canbe sent to cloud, this will collect, record and analyze informationmore quickly and accurately. Internet of Things and CloudComputing can be bought together to improve the performancecapabilities and utilization of resources. Security challenges suchas Authentication, confidentiality, Privacy, Trust, Integrity areanalyzed these will affect the IoT performance, so variousalgorithms are used to overcome security issues. Trust within IoTdevices plays a vital role in Health IoT systems. This paperdescribes about the novel proposed Healthcare IoT system model,aims at providing the information of current health status of thepatient. The technology helps him to get an immediate responseabout nearby hospitals and availability of physicians usingRaspberry Pi 3. The paper provides solution to the particularpatient using technology when he/she enters into the worstlocation because of some unavoidable situations even thoughpatient knows that the particular location has worst conditionwhich is not suitable for his/her health condition.Keywords— Internet of things (IoT); trust based decisionmaking protocol; trust; Cloud Computing; Raspberry Pi 3."

SH19IOT042 Garbage Management using Internet ofThings
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Abstract:-"Smart city is another powerful application of IOTgenerating curiosity among world’s population notonly to keep our city clean and neat but also todecreased the griminess, nastiness produced by thedustbins that will be controlled by using IOT garbagemonitoringSometimes in various areas dustbins wereoverload and it cause viral diseases. To avoid these wecan use smart dustbin in which GSM board sendmassage by detecting the level of garbage with thehelp of IR (Infrared Rays) in the dustbin. Most of thetimes hungry stray animals for e.g. –dogs, cats, cows,etc. Will eat that overflowed garbage which containplastic, toxic medicine etc., it will cause harm to theirhealth .the main purpose of these system is to controlgarbage, human efforts, to make smart city.Keywords— Internet of Things (IoT), IOT smartgarbage monitoring"

SH19IOT043 Water Level Monitoring and Management of Damsusing IoT
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Abstract:-"The history, culture, current and future socio-economic status and environmental sustainability of India and itspeople are intricately linked to the water resources which areavailable from dams. These water resources available throughdams are one of the main sources available for the usage toindustries, livestock, irrigation etc. and there is a critical need toensure the safety of the water level at these dams against anynatural or anthropogenic threats and to develop an effectiveWater Level Management system using IoT. This paper gives anoutline for the development of an information system based onthe existing systems with the utilization of some sensors and IoT.This paper also proposes a novel idea of collecting and sharingreal-time information about water levels to an authorized centralcommand center through far field communication. Theauthorized central command center then takes a call whether torelease the water by opening dam gates or keep them closed. Bydoing so, the operation of dams all over the country is centralizedand automatized.Keywords—Water Level Management,Internet ofThings(IoT),Dams,Authorized handler,LPWAN,NB-IoT"

SH19IOT044 IoT-Aided Charity: An Excess Food RedistributionFramework
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Abstract:-" A trusted and active community aided andsupported by the Internet of Things (IoT) is a key factor in foodwaste reduction and management. This paper proposes an IoTbased context aware framework which can capture real-timedynamic requirements of both vendors and consumers andperform real-time match-making based on captured data. Wedescribe our proposed reference framework and the notion ofsmart food sharing containers as enabling technology in ourframework. A prototype system demonstrates the feasibility ofa proposed approach using a smart container with embeddedsensors.Keywords—Internet of Things (IoT), Sensors, Food WasteManagement (FWM), Context, Context-awareness"

SH19IOT045 Automated Irrigation System-IoTBased Approach
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Abstract:-" Agriculture is a major source of earning ofIndians and agriculture has made a big impact on India'seconomy. The development of crops for a better yield andquality deliver is exceptionally required. So suitableconditions and suitable moisture in beds of crop can playa major role for production.. Mostly irrigation is done bytradition methods of stream flows from one end to other.Such supply may leave varied moisture levels in filed.The administration of the water system can be enhancedutilizing programmed watering framework This paperproposes a programmed water system with frameworkfor the terrains which will reduce manual labour andoptimizing water usage increasing productivity of crops.For formulating the setup, Arduino kit is used withmoisture sensor with Wi-Fi module. Our experimentalsetup is connected with cloud framework and data isacquisition is done. Then data is analysed by cloudservices and appropriate recommendations are given."

SH19IOT046 Intelligent Road Management System forDaily Transit
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Abstract:-"Intelligent Road Management System forDaily Transit""Rampant growth in population has imposed threatsof surging traffic density. With the introduction of Smart PoleSystem the problem of congestion has been alleviated to a greatextent. The main motto of this paper is reducing the trafficcongestion with Smart Pole System in which dividers are replacedwith smart poles which can be adjusted remotely based on trafficdensity by providing the user an additional path which reducesthe wear and tear of vehicles and traffic congestion therebyincreasing the road usability which in turn helps theenvironment. The concept of polling system dominates traditionalconcept of the road divider in factors like cost, time to build,effectiveness by replacing dividers with poles that move up anddown based on traffic density, making roads smarter, which usesthe IoT and embedded systems with the computers and electronicsensors. It provides a lane for emergency vehicles meeting therequirement of emergency. The polling system saves the time forpeople and reduces the pollution. This system can be evenimplemented at the toll gates. This design also includes theautomatic control of street lights and barricade control duringflooding due to heavy rains or natural calamities.Index Terms—IoT, Microcontroller, Smart Poll System(SPS),Intelligent road management system for dailytransit(IRMSDT)."

SH19IOT047 Automated Soil Nutrient Monitoring for ImprovedAgriculture
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Abstract:-"Agriculture contributes only 22% of income toIndian economy. The major cause to this drop is natural calamityand variations in the nutrients of soil due to environ-mentalchanges. Overcoming the awful situations due to natural calamitychallenges is arduous. Technology can be applied to understandthe variations in the soil nutrient thereby helping the farmercommunity to find out a positive solution. In this paper we haveproposed a cost effective model that is deployed using sensors sothat the analysis of the soil can be done in most simplest manner.The model discussed here has been experimented and proved toprovide 90% accuracy.Index Terms—Agriculture, Recommendation System, Sensor,IoT"

SH19IOT048 IOT BASED DOOR ACCESS CONTROL USINGFACE RECOGNITION
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Abstract:- "In recent years, it is important to own a reliablesecurity system that can secure our assets as well as to protect ourprivacy. The traditional security system needs an individual to usea key, identification (ID) card or password to access an area suchas home and workplace. However, the present security system hasmany weaknesses wherever it is simply cast and taken. Most doorsare controlled by persons with the employment of keys, securitycards, countersign or pattern to open the door. The aim of thispaper is to assist users for improvement of the door security ofsensitive locations by using face detection and recognition. Theproposed system mainly consists of subsystems namely imagecapture, face detection and recognition, email notification andautomatic door access management. Face Recognition supportedopenCV is brought up because it uses Eigen faces and reduces thescale of face images without losing vital features, facial imagesfor many persons can be stored in the database. The door lockcan also be accessed remotely from any part of the world byusing Telegram android application. The captured image from picamera will be sent to the authorized person through email forsafety purposes.Keywords—OpenCV, Raspberry pi, Telegram application, E-mail."

SH19IOT049 IoT deployment for city scale air quality monitoringwith Low-Power Wide Area Networks
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Abstract:-"Air Quality (AQ) is a very topical issue for manycities and has a direct impact on the health of its citizens. Wepropose to investigate the air quality of a large UK city usinglow-cost Particulate Matter (PM) micro-sensors, and comparethem with government operated air quality stations. In this pilotdeployment we design and build six AQ IoT devices, each withfour different low-cost PM sensors and deploy them at two loca-tions within the city. These devices are equipped with LoRaWANwireless network transceivers to test city scale Low-Power Wide-Area Network network coverage. We conclude that some low-costPM sensors are viable for monitoring AQ and demonstrate thatour device design can be used via LoRaWAN to facilitate moregranular city coverage without limitations of network access.Based on these findings we intend to deploy a larger LoRaWANenabled Air Quality sensor network deployment across the city.Keywords-Internet of Things, Wireless Sensor Networks, Airquality, Urban Pollution."

SH19IOT050 The Implementation of IoT based Smart RefrigeratorSystem
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Abstract:-" Wasted food due to spoilage is a critical resourceissue. Food waste or food loss is food that is discarded or lostuneaten. Currently, in the world, according to the Food andAgriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO),consumers waste about 1.3 billion tons of food annually andconsumers in rich countries waste about 222 million tons of foodproductsOnce food products are purchased and set aside in arefrigerator, the users do not alert about their food items’expiration date and/or freshness unless they individually examineand track them. Moreover, for food products which are notlabeled with an explicit expiration date may lead to significantfood spoilage and additional expenditure for the users. However,with the latest trend technology of the Internet of Things (IoT),this problem can be resolved.Combining the idea of Internet of Things and smart kitchenevolution, the smart refrigerator system is developed. The systemconsists of three main parts which are sensing module, controlmodule and transmission module. Sensing module consists ofload cell and odour sensor while control module consists ofArduino UNO and power supply unit and last but not least, thetransmission module consists of LCD module and Wi-Fi module.These modules work together to determine contents status insidethe refrigerator and notify the user about the condition andquantity of the food via an SMS or an email.Keywords— Internet of Things (IoT), Smart Kitchen, HomeAutomation System, Arduino, Sensors"

SH19IOT051 A Comparative Analysis on Smart Home System toControl, Monitor and Secure Home,based ontechnologies like GSM,IOT,Bluetooth and PICMicrocontroller with ZigBee Modulation
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Abstract:-" In this busy life schedule everyone wants to getsome comfort and secure life as well. Home Automation used tocontrol home appliances remotely to reduce efforts. Homesecurity system is beneficial to secure your home from fire andtrespass. Wireless smart home system plays a vital role in humanlife and increases popularity due to its flexibility, portability andlow cost installation charges. Smart home system is verybeneficial in everyday life as it reduces human workload, saveelectricity and reduces worries about home security for workingpeoples. Main focus in automation is to control light ON/OFFstatus, fan speed and other home appliances remotely. Homesecurity includes services like gas leakage and trace passprotection. This system is very beneficial for old ages andhandicapped people as well for working people, it is a blessing asit alert the person if any nasty situation raised at home in theirabsence. Though there are various technologies used but in everytechnology mobile plays important role, to automate homeappliances or to get alert in risky situations. Attractive GUI canbe used for smart home system, accessible with smart phones,tablet, laptop and PC. A comparative study of smart homesystem based on technologies like GSM, Bluetooth, IOT and PICMicrocontroller with ZigBee modulation is discussed here.Keywords— Home Automation; Security; GSM; Bluetooth;IOT; ZigBee; PIC microcontroller ; Smart phone"

SH19IOT052 Method for improving positioning accuracy byusing double low-precision GPS
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Abstract:-"In order to improve the measurement accuracy ofGPS, this paper proposes two methods to improve the accuracyof dual low-precision GPS positioning. First, two GPS cards ofthe same model are placed on the two hulls of the catamaran, andthe position information of the hull is measured by the dual GPScard; Then, method 1 performs Kalman filtering processing onthe position information measured by the dual GPS, and analyzesthe filtering effect, and averages the two sets of data after thedouble GPS filtering, and the average value is the positioninformation of the center of the hull; Method 2 obtains the meanvalue of the position information measured by the dual GPS,performs Kalman filtering on the mean value, and uses thefiltered value as the position information of the hull center;Finally, the effectiveness of the two methods was verified byexperiments. Experiments show that the two methods proposedin this paper have obvious effects on improving the accuracy oflow-precision GPS positioning.Keywords—dual GPS, kalman filtering, average value"

SH19IOT053 The Development of an IoT Instrumented Bike:for Assessment of Road and Bike Trail Conditions
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Abstract:-" The purpose of this paper is to present a methodto detect bike trail conditions while displaying real-time data ona mobile application. Using a Global Positioning System (GPS)unit, microprocessor and multiple accelerometers built on theconcept of Internet of Things (IoT), the entire device employsreal-time data to collect, analyze, and identify bumps and cracksin public infrastructure. The main purpose of this researchis aimed at helping the government evaluate the severity ofroad conditions to better assist in strategic decision makingabout maintaining or repairing damaged infrastructural areasas well as to notify pedestrians of potential bumps or cracksalong their route. The authors propose an algorithm that sets awindow range to vertically process the raw accelerometer datato accurately distinguish bumps. By integrating this algorithmonto a mobile application, the data collected by this programcan be shared between users to help avoid potential risks ordangerous road conditions and to assist in the evaluation ofinfrastructural deterioration."

SH19IOT054 Characteristic Analysis of Received Signal StrengthIndicator from ESP8266 WiFi Transceiver Module
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Abstract:-" In recent years, the Internet of Things concepthas gained an immense momentum in today’s technologicalworld. Internet of Things connects devices efficiently whichimproves quality of life from various aspects. One of the mostheavily used device for Internet of Things application isESP8266 WiFi serial transceiver module. It is operating withReceived Signal Strength Indicator feature. Characteristicanalysis of the Received Signal Strength Indicator readingscollected using ESP8266 WiFi serial transceiver module is donein this paper. The aim is to explore the future possibilities ofReceived Signal Strength Indicator value as a stand-alone andunique parameter to be used in various applications especiallyin the domain of Internet of Things. In addition, the potentialof the cheap yet sophisticated ESP8266 WiFi serial transceivermodule is also highlighted. The findings have shown an insightinto the characteristics of Received Signal Strength Indicatorreadings and how it can be utilized for other differentpurposes. The findings have brought up a few stimulatingissues that may arise from some implementation of ReceivedSignal Strength Indicator readings. However, if solutions to theissues are to be introduced, it will thrust the Internet ofThings’ technological advancements even further.Keywords—RSSI; Received Signal Strength Indicator;Energy Security; ESP8266 WiFi Transceiver Module."

SH19IOT055 IoT-Aided Fingerprint Indoor Positioning UsingSupport Vector Classification
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Abstract:-"Wi-Fi based fingerprint indoor positioningtechnology is known as one of the most popular indoorpositioning technologies. In this work, an internet of things(IoT) aided fingerprint indoor positioning system usingsupport vector machine classifier has been proposed. Thesupport vector classification with kernel tricks is introduced toaccomplish multi-classes classification problem in fingerprintindoor positioning. Three kinds of kernel functions areinvestigated and compared based on results of the experimentperformed in a real indoor environment. The results showsupport vector classifier with Gaussian RBF kernel functionhas highest positioning accuracy.Keywords—Indoor positioning, Received Signal Strength,Fingerprint, Support vector machine, IoT"

SH19IOT056 Firmware Field Updates Using Bluetooth LowEnergy and STM32 Microcontrollers
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Abstract:-"The following paper discusses an implementationof Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) firmware updates for STM32microcontrollers. The project ports an existing open-sourceapplication called “stmflasher” and merges it to a GUI builtwith the Qt frameworkKeywords – firmware, field updates, STM32, Qt framework"

SH19IOT057 Prototype Residence Monitoring and AutomationSystem Using Microcontroller Arduino
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Abstract:- " Housing is a collection of houses as part of thesettlement, both urban and rural, equipped with infrastructure,and public utilities as a result of efforts to fulfill a decent home. Torealize a habitable home and guarantee the comfort and safety ofthe residents of residential areas, at least services provided in theresidential area such as environmental hygiene, order andenvironmental security, special problems handling. This system isbuilt using system development method based on Prototypeparadigm consisting of Communication, Quick Plan, Quick DesignModeling, Construction of Prototype and Deployment Delivery &Feedback, while for system design method using UML andFlowchart. The device used is an Arduino microcontroller alongwith other sensors, as well as using web-based applications formonitoring media monitoring results. The result of this researchis implemented into a Residence Monitoring and AutomationSystem with IoT concept based on Arduino microcontroller thatcan perform home security monitoring, garbage collectioncapacity and provide early warning in case of disasterautomatically, real time, and thorough so expected to increase thecomfort and security in a residential area.Keywords—Internet of Things; microcontroller; arduino;housing;"

SH19IOT058 DronAIDA Smart Human Detection Drone for Rescue
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Abstract:-" Natural calamities have recently opened theirdoors to disasters which in turn have affected various regionsof the world. Disasters serve as an eye-opener as they areunstoppable and exceptional events which are either natural ormanmade, such as earthquakes, wildfires, floods and terroristattacks etc. These natural catastrophes many a times serve as ahats down chink in the armor as they lead to a massive deathtoll either because of people being stuck in the debris or due tono help received on time. One of the major challenges faced bythe rescue and search teams during a massive disaster is theactual search of survivors and victims at the earliest and alsoreaching out to far off areas to make sure people are not stuckunder the debris. This paper presents a real time autonomousdrone technology system named “DronAID” that is capable ofdetecting humans in disastrous conditions. This system assistsin the rescue process by identifying the exact location of thesurvivors at the earliest. As the system is a drone based system,it can easily be mobilized and controlled. This systemcomprises of a monitoring system along with a camera moduleand sensor unit to identify the existence of humans buriedunder the debris. The system sends the data ahead for furtheraction and investigation. We believe DronAID system is theneed of the time and will prove to be a blessing in disguise incalamitous situations and will serve as a significantrequirement in urban disasters.Keywords—disaster; debris; drone; security; survivors; PIRsensor; victims; catastrophy; calamity."

SH19IOT059 IoT Based System for Passenger Service In RailwaysWith Secure ICN architecture
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Abstract:-" The project is about to implement Internet of Things(IoT) technology in Railways. Goal is to constitute a secure IoTsystem by using Information Centric Networking (ICN)architecture to comprehend the key requirements of IoT system.The proposed system is based on ICN architecture. ICN is thearchitecture which supports multicast, mobility and security.Mobility is the necessity here in the proposed IoT system inrailways. System contains passenger information which shouldremain secure. Hence, ICN architecture is used as a base for IoTsystem in railways. The Internet of Things (IoT) based system isfor catering passengers’ services and requests in long journeyrailways. The system is to collect requests from passengers fromeach coach, track the location of crew members within train andallocate them requests from passengers. This allocation of therequests to the crew members takes place depending on theservice arrival time, location information and workload factor ofcrew member. As proposed project is based on ICN architecture,it will use secure device discovery concept to make system moresecure.Keywords—IoT; mobility; OPAM resource allocationalgorithm; device discovery"

SH19IOT060 An Approach Towards Building anIoT Based Smart Classroom
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Abstract:-"IoT (Internet of Things) is a dynamicinnovation with a powerful impact on today’s world whichcan make human life simple and effortless. The scope ofthis field is limitless and has emerged as a winner invarious areas ranging from Medicine, Engineering,Computer Science, Space and Technology, Automobilesand so on. The center of purpose is utilizing IoT basedtechnology in accomplishing automation for classrooms. Inthis paper, we propose an approach to control and manageelectrical equipments such as fans and lights based onhuman presence. Our focus is towards building a solutionwhich could help in reducing overutilization of energyresources. A camera is used for recognizing the presence ofpeople in the classroom and for analyzing their seatingposition. Here a classroom is divided into two segments.Whenever a human presence is detected in a particularsegment then the light and fan will be switched ON. Thereasonable objective of this paper is how to build up asmart classroom where we can automate the electricalequipments with a focus towards energy conservation.Keywords—IoT, Camera-Based Detection, Smartclassroom, Automation."

SH19IOT061 Public Transport Vehicle Tracking Service forIntermediate Cities of Developing Countries, basedon ITS Architecture using Internet of Things (IoT)
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Abstract:- "In the field of road safety, many solutions havebeen developed for monitoring public transport vehicles.However, the vast majority of technological solutions is focusedon solving the problem of information availability to users; onlya few seek to solve the problems leading to traffic accidentsinvolving such vehicles. In addition, proposed solutions are notbased on standards such as the Intelligent Transport Systems(ITS) architecture, which eases development and integrationwith other mobility services. To encourage new developments inthis area, we developed a proof of concept for checking theviability of a public transport vehicle tracking service, through apilot project in an intermediate city in Colombia. We used aspecific ITS architecture for designing the service, based onARC-IT (current American ITS architecture), adapted to thecity’s context. Then, we developed the service through an IoTplatform implementation methodology. Finally, we tested theservice through a pilot deployment. This article presents thefeatures of the developed service and the pilot’s results. Weconclude that the use of the ITS architecture and a platformdesign methodology facilitates an organized, structured processfor developing mobility services in a city.Keywords— Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), PublicTransport Service, Internet of Things (IoT)"

SH19IOT062 SMART DIGITAL PARENTING USING INTERNETOF THINGS
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Abstract:-" Vestures are essential for babies, Allthings considered; many ages of posterity haveoverseen without them. Observing wellbeingparameters of toddlers, for example, breath designs,oxygen level, rest movement is mandatory and soforth is important to guarantee eupepsia of theirwellbeing. A customary approach does notproficiently give the ongoing updates of theseinfant wellbeing parameters. Hence keepsobserving of physiological parameters and warningupdates are need of current situation for mother,sire, Babysitters, and crèches. In this paper, amultitasking smart baby monitoring ideology usingInternet of Things (IoT) is proffered to integrateprompting process in a convergence application byadopting the existing communication technologiessuch as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, ZigBee and 2G/3G/4G.The proposed wellness checking framework forbabies can improve the nature of baby parent. Keywords-Internet of Things (IoT), 2G, 3G,4G, flexi force."

SH19IOT063 First Experiences with Earthcloud, a Low-Cost,Cloud-Based IoT Seismic Alert System
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Abstract:- "A Seismic Alert System (SAS) is one of the mostimportant measures that can be taken to prevent and minimizeearthquake damage. The role of a SAS is to detect as soon aspossible an earthquake in progress and to then immediately alertabout the impending earthquake waves all locations in danger.Clearly, to be of any utility, the communication of the alarmhas to be transmitted way faster than the propagation speedof the earthquake waves. This paper presents the rationale,setup and first results of a deployed Earthcloud prototype, anexperimental SAS designed to be low-cost, low-power, and cloud-based. Earthcloud is devised to alert locations that are not tooclose yet not too far from the earthquake epicenter, i.e., thosethat can benefit from an alarm received from a few secondsto tens of seconds earlier. The system has been designed toleverage existing Internet infrastructures in order to performboth computation and communication in the cloud, minimizingcosts and maximizing communication speed and deploymentease. Data harvested by Earthcloud has been cross-referencedwith data from the Italian National Institute of Geophysics andVolcanology and, although still in a prototype stage, the firstresults indicate that the system can correctly detect earthquakes.Index Terms—Cloud, Earthquake Warning System (EWS),IoT, Public Safety Network"

SH19IOT064 IOT based solution for Teleconsulting Cardiac Patients In Saudi Arabia
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Abstract:-"Telemedicine is a legitimate entity for applyingthe use of modern information and communicationstechnologies to deliver health services to remote patients.Telecardiology is one of the fastest growing fields intelemedicine. The use of mobile applications betweencardiac patients and healthcare providers is an effectiveway to rescue cardiac patients from heart attack. The mainobjective of this work is developing a mobile application forremote exchange of data between cardiac patients and theirconsultants to help in fast diagnosing and monitoring. In theproposed application, the main parameters of heart signalsare extracted and sent to the consultant including:Ventricular, Atrial rate, PR ,QRS , QT QTC and PR Axis.The consultant in turn send a diagnosis for such case alongwith its medicine. The application has been implementedand tested in collaboration with the King Faisal Center forthe heart of the King Faisal Specialist Hospital.Keywords- Telemedicine; Telecardiology; cloudcomputing; ECG; and mobile applications."

SH19IOT065 Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) crackdown using IoT
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Abstract:-"Internet of Things (IoT) is purely aboutconnecting or linking the devices over the internet. It isinternetworking of physical devices which will detect, collect,process and exchange data. As it needs to get connected over theinternet, these things (devices) have an IP address associated tothem. The devices use some kind of identifiers to communicatewith other different devices. The goal of Internet of things is toestablish a communication using any networking technologybetween any types of physical devices at any place. Its final aim isto connect to the internet. The IoT framework aspires to connectanyone with anything anywhere. With great advancement of IoTand its increasing implementation in today’s world it becomesvery important to secure the network to maintain theconfidentiality, integrity and authenticity of the IoT network.There are various protocols which are used to make up an IoTdevices or an IoT network. These protocols are different fromstandard networking protocols. Bluetooth is one of the protocolswhich are used in some of the IoT devices to communicate withthe other devices. Some of the IoT devices use Bluetooth LowEnergy (BLE) protocol to communicate with the other device.This paper presents real-time hacking of Smart Bulb which usesBLE (Bluetooth Low Energy) protocol. The real time penetrationtesting of an IoT device was performed which uses Bluetooth LowEnergy (BLE) protocol to communicate with the other devices.Keywords — BLE protocol; Penetration of BLE protocol in IoTdevices"

SH19IOT066 Android based Home Security Systems usingInternet of Things(IoT) and Firebase
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Abstract:-"With the fast-paced world and the progression ofthe modern technology, the emergence of IoT has been playing avital role in each and every sector of our daily lives. In the fieldof home automation and security, it has played a vital and pivotrole, it has made our lifestyle easier with the smart featuresinherited in the automation. The implementation and designof wireless home automation control using Wi-Fi technologyhandles the devices with integral security and protected system.This Home automation is everything that the modern lifestyle ofpeople demands. This paper gives a detailed hand on IOT andhow it can be implemented in security and automation usinga micro-controller-based NodeMcu (Esp8266) and an androidmobile application.Index Terms—Android, home automation and security,JavaScript, embedded C, Internet 0f Things (IoT), Firebase,Esp8266(NodeMcu)."

SH19IOT067 SMARISA: A Raspberry Pi based Smart Ring forWomen Safety Using IoT
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Abstract:- "Every day, every woman, young girls, mothers andwomen from all walks of life are struggling to be safe and protectthemselves from the roving gaze of the horribly insensitive menwho molest, assault and violate the dignity of women on a dailybasis. The streets, public transport, public places in particularhave become the dominion of the hunters. Due to these atrocitiesthat women are subjected to in the present scenario, a smartsecurity wearable device for women based on Internet of Thingsis proposed. It is implemented in the form of a smart ring(SMARISA) and comprises of Raspberry Pi Zero, Raspberry Picamera, buzzer and button to activate the services. This device isextremely portable and can be activated by the victim on beingassaulted just by the click of a button that will fetch her currentlocation and also capture the image of the attacker via RaspberryPi camera. The location and the link of the image captured willbe sent to predefined emergency contact numbers or police viasmart phone of the victim thus preventing the use of additionalhardware devices/modules and making the device compact.Keywords-Internet of Things, Women Safety, ComputerNetworking, Smart Ring, Raspberry Pi, Mobile Application"

SH19IOT068 IoT Securing System using Fuzzy Commitment forDCT-based Fingerprint Recognition
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Abstract:-" Internet of Things refers to a paradigmconsisting of a variety of uniquely identifiable day to day thingscommunicating with one another to form a large scale dynamicnetwork. Securing access to this network is a currentchallenging issue. This paper proposes an encryption systemsuitable to IoT features. In this system we integrated the fuzzycommitment scheme in DCT-based recognition method forfingerprint. To demonstrate the efficiency of our scheme, theobtained results are analyzed and compared with directmatching (without encryption) according to the most usedcriteria; FAR and FRR.Keywords— IOT security, DCT, fingerprint recognition,biometric encryption, error-corrector codes, fuzzy commitment."

SH19IOT069 Weather Station Design Using IoT Platform BasedOn Arduino Mega
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Abstract:-" Weather stations are built for the purpose ofcollecting quantitative data about the weather conditions of aplace. Monitoring weather conditions in an environment today isconsidered to be very important because of the uncertain weatherchanges every day. This research tries to make weather stationwhich can be accessed through website by using IoT platform.Users can know the weather changes in an area without the needto come to the area. This design uses Arduino Mega 2560 as amicrocontroller. The measured weather parameters includetemperature and humidity using DHT-22 sensors, rain detectionusing FC-37 rain sensor, and air pressure using BMP180 sensor.Air pressure measurement results are used to predict the weather.The measurement results of all sensors are stored in SD Card anddisplayed on TFT LCD 2.2 'and website using ESP8266 wifimodule. In this research, the difference of measurement resultwith PCE-THB 40 module with an average error of 3.74% fortemperature, 2.14% for air humidity and 0.32% hPa for airpressure.Keywords— IoT, ESP8266, Weather Station, Data Logger"

SH19IOT070 An Internet of Things (IoT) Based System to AnalyzeReal-time Collapsing Probability of Structures
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Abstract:-" With the advancement of modern technology incivil engineering field, ‘Structural Health Monitoring’ (SHM) isbecoming an important research topic to ameliorate the humansafety and to lessen maintenance costs of structurallycomplicated projects. This consists the procedure of identifyingand detecting internal cracks and damages in the infrastructuresdue to aging, natural calamity or any other human-made reasonwell in time so that a preventive measurement can be undertakenbefore it collapses. However, most of the already existing SHMsystems face challenges and problems performing at a real-timescenario due to lack of robustness and portability. Moreover, theremote and constant monitoring appliances are not implementedyet properly. So, with the help of Internet of Things (IoT) wehave proposed a solution of SHM which is both portable androbust in nature. Our proposed device can be mounted on aconcrete beam, metal structure, slabs, bridge joints, gusset plates,beam-column joints etc. This device measures the inclined anglesand analyses bends where it’s mounted and send the data tosmartphone app through Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) for real-time viewing. It can also send raw data to the cloud storagethrough a Wi-Fi module for future research and analysis. Thisdevice uses flex sensors to monitor the slightest bending fromwhere it is mounted. Whenever, deformation happens the devicegives alert to the inhabitants by buzzing an alarm and lightingthe LED which is the outcome of constant monitoring withoutany human interaction. All raw data are processed through in-built processor.Keywords— Arduino; Structural Health Monitoring (SHM);Internet of Things (IOT); Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE); flexsensor; buzzer.I."

SH19IOT071 Design of Humanoid Robot Control System Basedon STM32 and Agent
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Abstract:-" In view of the problems of less control degrees offreedom, poor control ability, slow response speed, largecircuit and high energy consumption in traditional humanoidrobot control system, a control system based on STM32embedded microprocessor and agent is proposed. In thiscontrol system, the real-time of the system is improved bytransplanting high real-time ȝC/OS-II operating system intoSTM32 embedded microprocessor.The response speed isenhanced by adopting algorithm of fuzzy intelligent control inagent. Fuzzy tool box and Simulink are used to finishcombined simulation. Simulation and experiment results havedemonstrated that the proposed control system can controlmulti freedom degrees and has advantages of strong controlability, fast response speed, transplantable, high real-time, lowpower consumption, and simple circuit.Key words: humanoid robot; STM32; agent; ȝC/OS-II; fuzzyintelligent control"

SH19IOT072 Location-free Voting System with the help ofIOT Technology
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Abstract:-" The internet of things (IOT) is becominggrowing field with the time which connects many peopleto many things. Electoral voting systems allow voters tovote at any location without geographical restrictions allover the world which considers mobility, privacy,security, and easiness. Current systems adopted all overthe world have peculiar problems in each of them. Themain idea of this paper is to design a voting system thatuses smart phone’s fingerprint sensors in order toprovide high accuracy, security, and mobility to makevoting system more practical and location-free.Keywords—IOT, voting, electoral system,smartphones, fingerprint sensor"

SH19IOT073 An IoT BasedIntelligent Fire Evacuation System
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Abstract:-" Nowadays fire accident in buildings has be-come a very common incident. As the structural design ofmodern buildings are complex and augmented, fire accidentvictims often find it difficult to identify a safe path to exitthe building. As a result, they panic which causes moreinjuries and deaths. In this paper, we have proposed an IoTbased intelligent fire evacuation system that will effectivelyguide people along an evacuation path in case of fireaccidents. A* search algorithm has been used to control thecentral module of the proposed model. This will help peoplenavigate out of danger by guiding through the shortest safepath possible. It shows the next best path if the first optimalpath is already crowded. A grid based floor plan simulationboth in software and hardware has been designed andimplemented to accomplish the desired goal. For a realtime, active, intelligent guidance system, here a wirelesssensor network including sensors like PIR sensors, smokessensors and heat sensors have been combined together. Thesystem will not only help evacuees reach the exit but alsoautomatically notify the fire brigade for rescue operation.Keywords—A* search, heuristics, shortest path, crowdcongestion, evacuation, sensors, IoT"

SH19IOT074 Smart Board for Precision Farming Using Wireless Sensor Network
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Abstract:-" we live in a world which is rapidly moving towardsmart systems to make every aspect of living easy andversatile. Smart farming systems are being adapted byfarmers throughout the globe. This paper is going to venturethrough smart arable farming system for the farmers ofBangladesh with the concept of internet of things (IoT). Thepaper proposes a smart sensor system supported byactuators to automate farming and provide precisionfarming experience. The system helps person with inferiorknowledge of technology to understand and maintain thesystem with a new device namely Smart Board. The boardhelps to monitor status of the farm and to send actioncommand to farm machineries. This work also helps thepractice of e-governance by setting a simple but effectivedata exchange between government and farmers. Farmerswill get benefitted as the smart board will keep them up todate on governments agriculture related announcements. Itis a systematic mixture of many technologies including asmart sensor network system.Keywords— smart, precision farming, smart board, e-governance, Crop yield, pest control, irrigation, G2C, internetof things"

SH19IOT075 A Smart Home Automation and Metering Systemusing Internet of Things (IoT)
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Abstract:- "Internet of Things (IoT) is an augmentation ofexisting internet facility to deliver communication, connection andinternetworking between various devices and physical objects alsoknown as “Things”. Accessibility of great speed internet makes itpossible to switch and control numerous kinds of devices veryeasily. This paper discussed a smart low-cost home automationsystem which is designed using IoT. With the help of this system,all the home appliances and electronic machines can be controlledand observed through a website very easily. The metering methodof a home can also be supervised using this system. Not only theconsumers but also the dealers will get the opportunity to observethe anomalies of the power distribution system by watching themetering system. Online billing system also included in thedesigned system.Keywords— Arduino, home automation, internet of things (IoT),metering system"

SH19IOT076 Domicile - An IoT Based Smart Home AutomationSystem
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Abstract:-" We are living in the fourth industrial revolution.Our life is becoming more comfortable and smarter with thehelp of rapid upgrade of technology. Internet of things (IoT) isplaying a massive role in this. One of the major sides of IoT is asmart home. As we are in the era of never-ending growth of theinternet and its application, smart home system or homeautomation system is highly increasing to provide comfort inlife and improving the quality of life. In this paper, we presentan IoT based low-cost smart home automation system. Thissystem is based on a web portal which controlled by an ESP32Wi-Fi module. Also, a custom-made private home web server isdeveloped for maintaining the current states of homeappliances.Keywords—Home Automation, IoT, ESP32 Module, RelayModule, Cloud Serve"

SH19IOT077 Lead Acid Battery Monitoring and ChargingSystem for Backup Generators.
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Abstract:-" Generally Internal Combustion (IC) enginebased power generating unit requires a battery pack forignition. Use of Lead acid batteries for this purpose is verycommon for this type of engine as lead acid batteries arecomparatively safer and cheaper. Most of the cases it hasbeen seen that the backup generator which uses IC engineremains idle for several days which causes capacitydegradation. In this paper a lead acid battery monitoringand charging system is proposed which will be used forthese kind of backup generators to monitor the health ofthe battery and two state charging mode is introduced inthe system to charge the battery safely while necessary.The system monitors the parameters such as voltage,charging current, temperature and electrolyte level of thebattery. It can also connect to internet via Wi-Fi whichallows remote monitoring of the battery.Index Terms— Arduino, Current sensor, Capacitive levelsensor, Temperature sensor, ESP8266."

SH19IOT078 SMART Security Alert System for Monitoring andControlling Container Transportation
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Abstract:-" Nowadays, day-to-day reality is how thedevelopment of information, communications and technologies(ICT) and the growing globalization boost and affect all parts ofour lives. This makes this technique due to the fact the supplychain or customer service, which is part of the logisticsmanagement or supply chain, has emerged as vital factors of theagency to be able in the market. Thanks to the huge advances intechnology, devices and various social networks such as Twitter,Facebook and the number of facts produced increases everyyear. The whole amount of information obtained by means ofmankind earlier than 2003 amounted to 5 billion gigabytes. Therate continues to grow. All these facts make feel and are usefulafter it has been processed. Big data applied sciences needed toprovide extra accurate analysis. Accurate evaluation will lead toconcrete decision-making, main to extra efficient operations,lower fees and decrease business risks. According to theLogistics Management Board (CLM), logistics are part of thesupply chain system that plans, implements and controls theefficient and positive glide and storage of goods, offerings andrelated information, from a place of starting place to the locationof origin, in order to meet consumer requirements. This paperfocuses on lookup and implementation of container trackingsolutions in real time to create a computerized email and SMSalert device for container customers to screen their container atsome point of the manner of international transport andnational delivery. This paper provides lookup to furnish real-time container tracking options to enhance the safety andproductivity of logistics operations. And to enable real-timetracking, the server database is entered for records storagewhen ship containers or a container for vehicles are the primaryIOT community coverage, which leads to smart logisticsoperations. In this paper, we will outline some chances ofapplying logistic operations, namely, surveillance and safety ofgoods.Keywords— Smart Logistics Operation, Container Tracking,Goods Monitoring, Protection."

SH19IOT079 An IoT-based Automation System for Older Homes:A Use Case for Lighting System
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Abstract:-"The integration of Internet of Things (IoT) plat-forms in modern buildings has started to offer diverse services forresidents comfort and wellbeing. However, in addition to modernbuildings, where the use of IoT starts from the planning anddesign stages, older homes (i.e. homes constructed more than adecade ago) also have high potential to employ such platformsand benefit from them. This paper presents the potential gainedbenefits of such IoT implementations for older homes by propos-ing an IoT-enabled control mechanism. Moreover, we illustratethe impact of using IoT on reducing the energy consumption ofa home while ensuring comfort for the residents. To this end,we develop a test-bed for an IoT platform where we use lightsensors to monitor the indoor ambient light. We then define acontrol mechanism for the smart lighting system that is functionalon the IoT gateway and designed to control and adjust thedimmable light sources. Through simulations, we compare theconventional system power consumption (CSPC) of homes withthe smart system power consumption (SSPC) defined by ourcontrol mechanism. The SSPC results demonstrate the potentialadvantages of using IoT-enabled control systems in older homes.In our case, the savings are in the form of reducing powerconsumed for lighting while ensuring visual comfort for theresidents.Index Terms—Internet of Things, Smart Homes, IoT Plat-forms, Old Homes, Lighting System, Home Automation System."

SH19IOT080 A Lightweight and Secure IoT Remote MonitoringMechanism Using DNS with Privacy Preservation
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Abstract:-"IoT remote control is faced with scalability, securecommunication and privacy preservation issues and conventionalsolutions (HTTPS) have disclosed poor scaling problem andprivacy concerns. In this paper, we propose a novel lightweightand secure IoT remote monitoring mechanism using DNS withprivacy preservation. Basically, the communication between IoTdevices and gateways uses the conventional protocols as usualsuch as CoAP and MQTT while only the remote monitoring usesDNS protocol. That is, encrypted IoT data, after being encodedwith base64, is stored as a DNS TXT record of the domain nameof the IoT device and only the designated users are allowed toquery and decrypt the data based on TSIG authentication ofDNS protocol and asymmetric cryptography. We implemented aprototype system over name-bound virtual networks (NBVNs) inwhich all virtual nodes are registered in DNS automatically andthe network traffic is restricted within each NBVN. Throughthe preliminary evaluations we confirmed the effectiveness ofsecure communication and privacy preservation in IoT remotemonitoring in the proposed mechanism.Index Terms—IoT, monitoring, privacy, DNS, TSIG, NBVN"

SH19IOT081 An Architecture of a Network Controller for QoSManagement in Home Networks with Lots of IoTDevices and Services
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Abstract:-"More and more IoT services are introduced inhome, and they will consume many network resources in homenetworks including an uplink to the Internet, but the resourcesare sometimes insufficient to host all services. Traditionally,QoS control is applied to handle such situation by prioritizingimportant traffic. However, in IoT at home, it is hard to findimportant traffic because it depends on the context that is greatlydifferent among homes, such as services and the life of residents.In addition, administrators in home networks can rarely under-stand the context and configure the whole system including IoTdevices and services. This paper proposes an architecture of thenetwork controller that automatically estimates and prioritizesimportant traffic under such situation. The controller underthe proposed architecture provides three interfaces to ask eachparty, IoT devices, service providers, and users, for input aboutits information. Then, the controller automatically estimates theimportant traffic based on the input and applies the estimatedpolicy to the network in a centralized way. This paper alsoshows key points of designing each interface according to theinformation that each party knows.Index Terms—IoT, Controller, QoS, QoE, Home Network"

SH19IOT082 Drowsiness Detection and Monitoring the SleepingPattern using Brainwaves Technology and IoT
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Abstract:-" In this paper, a drowsiness detection system based on abrain-computer interface (BCI) headset having 3 electrodes isproposed. The headset is mounted on the user’s head to computethe brain wave frequencies. The signal received from BCI headsetis processed to remove the external noise. The computedfrequencies is then compared by the threshold frequencies of thebrain state and a particular decision like whether an individual isin an active state or in a drowsy state can be taken. If anindividual is in a drowsy state, a particular alarm is generated onhis/her Android phone to wake the person up. An individualuser’s sleeping pattern while working is stored on the cloud sothat it can be used for analyzing an individual’s brain state whileworking. This project is proposed with an aim of getting the workdone within a particular time period.Keywords—Brain Computer Interface (BCI), Brainwaves, IoT,EEG, Android Application."

SH19IOT083 IOT Based No-parking Notifier System
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Abstract:-IOT Based No-parking Notifier System"Traffic congestion due to vehicles parked in No-parking zones has become a serious problem in major cities ofIndia. Due to traffic congestion environment, economy andoverall quality of life is affected. Hence it is high time toeffectively manage the traffic congestion problem. Withincrease in number of vehicles, discipline in road regulation ortraffic system becomes mandatory. The existing traffic systemis very accurate but not efficient enough to monitor all thevehicles on the road. With the advent of new technology thisproblem can be tackled by using Wi-Fi enabled micro-controllers, RFID and cloud systems to monitor every vehicleon the road all the time. This becomes easy for the governmentin regulating its traffic rules with high efficiency withoutaffecting the smoothness of the traffic.Keywords—RFID, RTO, Cloud, IOT, Traffic congestion"

SH19IOT084 Prototyping of Urban Traffic-Light Control in IoT
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Abstract:-"In this work, we propose a demonstration ofUrban Traffic Light Control based on an IoT network (IoT-UTLC) for smart cities. We mocked up a real crossroad byintegrating a 6LoWPAN Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) tocontrol mini traffic light panels. The network’s nodes arewireless sensors and actuators interacting with an IoT CloudPlatform. MQTT Quality of Service (QoS) protocol has beenimplemented to manage the priority levels of exchanged databetween the Cloud and WSN. Our IoT-UTLC has been foundfunctional after verification and validation using the UPPAALmodel checker.Keywords—Internet of Things, Smart Cities, Wireless SensorNetworks, IoT Cloud Platform, 6LoWPAN, QoS, MQTT,UPPAAL"

SH19IOT085 Implementation of Cost Effective Smart HomeController with Android Application using NodeMCU and Internet of Things (IOT)
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Abstract:-" This paper presents the design and implementation ofSmart Home Controller wherein the user can control theirdevices using the Android Application running on a SmartPhone. The system employs client server architecture andInternet of Things (IOT) for communication. The controller isdesigned with the Arduino microcontroller (Node MCU) at theconsumer end and is connected to the internet through Wi-Fi. Inthis system, every device is connected to the internet through theIOT protocol and controlling is done through HTTP requestssent from the Android mobile application. The API (ApplicationProgramming Interface) connects the server and androidapplication and allows it to interact and exchange data with theserver. Whenever the user sends requests from androidapplication, the API connects to the server and it sends request tothe controller, further to which the controller performs ON/OFFfunction of the device based on the request received. Using thismethod, controlling home appliances is discussed in this paper.Keywords— Home Controller, Android application, Node MCU,Internet of things."

SH19IOT086 Smart Ambulance Approach Alarm System Using Smartphone
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Abstract:-"In order to inform the approach of the ambulance toother vehicles, we developed a smart ambulance approach alarmsystem by making the position information of the ambulance open.The position information of the ambulance has not made openuntil now due to the development cost or privacy issue. Ourproposed system is to make an ambulance IoT just to put asmartphone installed special application on a dashboard. Ourcloud side application also controls the position information of theambulance distribution in consideration for the situation of othervehicles and the privacy of ambulance users. We inspected thefunctional effectiveness of this system by the proof experiment inthe public road."

SH19IOT087 Internet of Things for Greenhouse Monitoring System UsingDeep Learning and Bot Notification Services
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Abstract:-"-Internet of things (IoT) plays a big important rolein agricultural industry recently in order to provide a support tofarmers such as growth monitoring system of temperature,humidity and water supply, and also early disease monitoring anddetection system. To provide a smart farming solutions, this paperproposed an IoT system with a bot notification on tomato growingstages. The tomato dataset was obtained from Shinchi Agri-Green, the tomato greenhouse in Fukushima, Japan. We trainedand tested the deep learning model to detect the fruit proposalregion. Then, the detected regions were classified into 6 stages offruit growth using the visible wavelength as a feature in SVMclassification with the weight accuracy of 91.5%.Keywords—internet of things, bot notification, tomato growth,greenhouse, deep learning, image processing"

SH19IOT088 DNS based Neighbor Discovery in ITS
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Abstract:-"-Vehicular information network and Internet ofThings (IoT) technologies have been receiving a lot of attention inrecent years as Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). As oneof the most important and promising IoT area, ITS aims toimplement a myriad of applications related to vehicles, trafficinformation, drivers, passengers and pedestrians. ForCooperative Adaptive Cruise Control (C-ACC), platooning andother typical use cases in ITS, a direct IP communication betweenneighbor vehicles is required which poses the following twoissues: 1) how to discover the neighbor vehicle and the requiredservice; and 2) how to discover the link-layer address of theneighbor vehicle and server. This paper presents a solution tothese problems based on Domain Name Service (DNS)."

SH19IOT089 Smart Water Management System using theMicrocontroller ZR16S08 as IoT Solution
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Abstract:-"This paper presents a smart water managementsystem using the microcontroller ZR16S08 as IoT solution, forwater distribution support and losses prevention. The systemoperates through the smart monitoring of the water flow in pipesof the water distribution network, aiming to ensure quality of thewater supply, knowing that water losses characterize one of thegreat problems in the world, as pipe holes may be open doors towater contaminants. As an alternative to circumvent this issue, aseries of experiments were taken to create a network of sensorscapable of monitoring water pipes in real time. Adopting criteriasuch as low consumption and low cost, the use the ZR16S08microcontroller in the design of wireless sensor nodes that will becoupled in the water pipes was adopted. Complementing thesystem, a central processing unit, composed of a Raspberry Pimicrocomputer, manages the traffic of the information collectedby the sensor nodes and routes it to a web server. All dataaddressed by the central unit are available on-line by means of asupervisory platform. Considering the size of the sensor nodes,their power consumption, and regulatory issues, a link betweenthe sensor nodes, operating at a frequency of 433 MHz, wasdefined. Preliminary results show the effectiveness of theproposed architecture for sensor nodes, allowing application forthe monitoring of water and controlling losses.Index Terms—Water losses control, Water management usingIoT concepts, Wireless sensor nodes, ZR16S08 microcontroller."

SH19IOT090 IoT based smart garbage monitoring & collectionsystem using WeMos & Ultrasonic sensors
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Abstract:-"21st century has witnessed a mammoth increase ingarbage including plastic waste of households, which is a threatnot only for human race but also for earth’s environment. Thus,it is the need of time to seek an organized and well-structuredmechanism to cope with this problem. Owing to this, world ismoving towards smart systems to have the most efficientframework in dealing with the everyday garbage as it comprisesof major chunk of waste material of cities and contributes heavilyin environmental problems. Resultantly, smart cities with smartwaste management systems can be the step in right direction.Smart cities are combination of several Internet of Things (IoT)systems that make human lives more comfortable and secured inevery aspect. One of the applications of IoT is the effectivemanagement of garbage, which would ensure healthyenvironment for life on this green planet, with greater efficiency.The purpose of this research is to develop an IoT based cost-effective system that can monitor the everyday garbage in realtime by using smart technology with the help of WeMos andUltrasonic sensors, which eats meager resources of the wastemanagement authorities. Results verify accurate real timemonitoring of garbage inside garbage bins.Keywords—IoT; garbage monitoring; cost efficient; real time;WeMos, Ultrasonic sensor"

SH19IOT091 Energy-aware Routing in internet of things(IoT)
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Abstract:- In contrast to wireless sensor networks (WSN). Internet of things (IoT) applications are supported bv global IP eonneetivitv and two-wav data communication between low power wireless sensor nodes of lossv area networks. The Internet Engineering Task Forcé (IETF) has proposed the routing protocol for low power and lossv area networks (RPL). The RPL constructs a destination oriented directed acyclic graph (DODAG) that is grounded at the root node. The DODAG is constructed bv using an objective function (OF) to compute the rank of each sensor node. The IETF has proposed two objective functions that are OFO and MRHOF. Subsequentlv, with the help of the rank of nodes, a parent-child relationship is established between nodes to construct the DODAG. In this paper, we llave proposed an OF named ‘EEQ'1 that protects the node which has alreadv excessivelv consumed its energv for forwarding sensed data towards the root node. The EEQ computes the rank of a node using three energv related parameters: i) expected number of transmissions, ii) consumed energv, and iii) active t)ueue length. Under low and high intensitv traffic loads, we llave simulated various scenarios for OFO, MRHOF, and EEQ. The simulation results show that for high intensitv traffic, EEQ has less overhead of control messages as compared to OFO and MRHOF, resulting in energv conservaron. Keywords—IoT, routing, RPL, objective function

SH19IOT092 The Development of an Internet of Things MobileApplication for Tracking an Electric Bus in aCampus
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Abstract:-" To reach the idea of data science for the Internetof Things (IoT) innovation, we believe that if we can collectdata from our daily life activities such as our commuting datafrom a bus system based on IoT. We can add values to thiscollected data using, for example, machine learning or dataanalysis and statistics. However, we need to enable the systemto be able to measure our daily life’s activities. As an exampleof such a system, this research demonstrates how to apply theIoT technology to track an electrical bus status of a masstransit system in a university. We develop a mobile applicationto show the information of the bus on a smartphone. Theinformation can be alerted to a user or passenger in real-time.This information includes an estimated waiting time until thebus reaches a user, the number of passengers on board, and thecurrent bus’s position on the route in Google Maps. The mobileapplication can help a passenger to decide and manage theright journeys to travel in the university. The application wasdeveloped on the Android platform with many technologiesincluding an Arduino integrated development environment orIDE, Google Maps application programming interface or API,a global positioning system or GPS module, ThingSpeak cloud,and infrared distance sensors. The 30 passengers evaluated thesatisfaction survey. The survey mainly includes the accuracy ofthe tracking and alerting processes. The results are that thepassengers were delighted with the processes. The evaluationrelated values are following. The mean is 4.91, and thestandard deviation or SD is 0.29 or representing as 98.20%. Tosum up, the application in this research can provide anexample of mobile application development with current andavailable technologies such as IoT and cloud in the disruptiveera to enhance applications in a transportation or othersdomain.Keywords—Cloud Computing, Internet of Things, GoogleMaps API, distance sensor"

SH19IOT093 The development of IoT-wetting front detector(IOT-WFD) for efficient Irrigation management anddecision support system
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Abstract:-" This study investigates the implementation ofan integrated system of Internet of Things based Wetting frontdetector (IOT-WFD) for efficient irrigation management in highvalue crops with different root zone layer. The results of thisstudy point that the IOT-WFD is an approved technology forirrigation management with real-time monitoring. Confirmationof positive results from this implemented summary has beenprovided.Keywords— Internet of things, Irrigation management,precision agriculture"

SH19IOT094 Internet of Things Based Home SecurityUsing Raspberry Pi
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Abstract:-" In our daily life everywhere, every time,every second we need internet to fulfil our needs/search. In home automation to operate or monitorthings within home, from outside we require internet.Looking at the huge usage of Internet of Things (IoT)we decided to use IoT in home security system. ForIoT based home security we require Some platform toconnect the things and perform a program so, wehave selected the latest version of Raspberry Pi modelwhich is Raspberry Pi 3 Model B. In this paper ourapproach is to secure home in terms of any damageand theft.Keywords: Internet of Things (IoT), home security, isRaspberry Pi 3 Model- B."

SH19IOT095 IOT based Traffic Signal control for reducing timedelay of an Emergency Vehicle using GPS
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Abstract:-"Now a- days the situation of Traffic is gettingintense day by day. The traffic is major factor whichcontributes to the delay in reaching destination. This delay canbe a matter of life and death in case of emergency vehicles likeAmbulance, Fire Brigade etc. This paper proposes anapproach which controls the Traffic Signals so that when theemergency vehicle is on its way to a particular destination. Thelocation of vehicle is tracked by using GPS. This location issend to the application. The application performs thealgorithm with the help of this data and the google map.It controls the signals on its path. We also introduced a newblue light to traffic signal to avoid the chaos in the mind of thepeople waiting at the traffic signal.Keywords—traffic, delay, GPS, signal, IoT, Ambulance,emergency vehicle."

SH19IOT096 IoT Based Smart Security and Home Automation
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Abstract:-" Internet of Things is a system where appliances areembedded with software, sensors and actuators. The devices are ableto transfer data over a network and also communicate with eachother. This technique is incorporated in our house to make theappliances convenient and automated. This project focuses onbuilding a home security system which will be wireless. Security overa network is achieved using AES encryption. Security of house ismanaged by sending notifications to the user using Internet in case ofany trespasser and it can also ring an alarm if required. Homeautomation is utilized by using appropriate sensors installed aroundhouse. Raspberry pi is used as a server and controller. Raspberry pihas task of controlling electrical appliances and providingauthentication and security to user.Keywords— Internet of Things (IoT), Home Automation, SmartSecurity, Intrusion Detection, Raspberry Pi."

SH19IOT097 IoT Based Health Monitoring System usingRaspberry Pi"
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Abstract:-" Health has become one of the global challenges forhumanity. Cardiac diseases, Lung failures and heart relateddiseases are increasing at a rapid rate. Monitoring health ofelderly people at home or patients at hospitals is necessary but itrequires constant observation of Practitioners and Doctors.Information Technology (IT) and its growing applications areperforming major role in making human life easier. Internet ofThings (IoT) is transforming healthcare and the role of IT inhealthcare. IoT consists of physical devices, such as sensors andmonitoring devices for patients (glucose, blood pressure, heartrate & activity monitoring, etc) to connect to the internet andtransforms information from the physical world into the digitalworld. The proposed system, with the help of IoT’s such features,will help to keep the necessary details and reports of a patientorganized and available to all actors in the system. IoT deviceslike low power sensors will be used to collect data from patientsand it will be displayed using LCD and stored on any personalcomputer and also on the cloud so that any actor in the systemcan refer to it.Keywords— Internet of Things (IoT), Remote health, System ona chip (SoC), MQTT (Message Queuing Telemetry Transport )protocol"

SH19IOT098 Cultivation of Cash Crops under AutomatedGreenhouse using Internet of Things (IoT)
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Abstract:-"Cultivation is the fundamental wellspring of pay ofthe general population in a nation like India adding up to 15-16%of the Gross domestic product of the nation. As per the financialoverview of India 2018, around 55% of the number of inhabitantsin India relies upon cultivating as their wellspring of occupationpay and time has come to acquaint a few changes with supplantthose conventional cultivating rehearses with the development ofmoney trims under computerized nursery utilizing IoT throughremote sensors, actuators, microcontroller, raspberry pi, GSMmodule and associating links. In this paper, we have proposed alow cost greenhouse prototype model which can be afforded bythe Indian farmers for the cultivation of cash crops such assaffron, vanilla, sugarcane, etc. and they can carry out thecultivation under this automated greenhouse thus improving theirsocial, economic and financial condition by a great extent.Index Terms—GDP, IoT, sensors, actuators, GSM and cashcrops."

SH19IOT099 Diverse IoT Based Gadgets to Update a ModerateCondition of Farmers in India
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Abstract:-" Farming holds an important place in the growth ofthe nation as It holds a great share in our Indian economy.But if we compare our level of irrigation from othercountries we are far away from them till today ouragriculture system still relies on the traditional approach asothers are using new approach day by day. [1] Hence thisproject aims to convert the irrigation to smart irrigation byusing high technology and the Internet of things. The majorcharacteristics the system is a smart push-button controlrobot which includes GPS and that will perform a task likeremoving of unwanted plants from the field(weeding),spraying water to the crop, sensing of moisture and mostimportant scaring of birds and animals, keeping cautiousnessand many more. [2] Secondly, it also adds another feature ofa water system with shrewd handle and selection makingdepend on actual realistic farm information. Now, afterprotecting crops this project also adds a security measure fora warehouse-like- temperature maintenance, theft detectionin the warehouse, humidity maintenance in the storeroom.All these tasks are controlled by any computer connected tothe net and performed by the camera, zig wave modules,interfacing sensors and actuators with micro-controller andraspberry pi. [3]Keywords: GPS, Zig Wave, Raspberry pi, Farming, IoT"

SH19IOT100 Smart Switching System Using Bluetooth Technology
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Abstract:-Smart Switching System Using Bluetooth Technology" When being “SMART” is highly in trendnowadays, why stop only to smartphones or computers? Sohere the home appliances are made possible to control usinga simple smart phone. An Android application is used tocontrol the devices that are used in daily life. The otherimportant devices that are used in this project are bluetoothmodule, microcontroller, relay board, and bulb. Thehardware and software architecture of the whole system aredescribed in this paper. It has been made sure that thisventure can be accomplished under extreme low price so thatit can easily be implemented in familiar atmosphere. Thissystem was wirelessly controlled the switches from a distanceof approximately 30 m radius. It is possibly used in healthcentre, nursing home, and home appliances for elderly, andParkinson’s patients.Keywords: Bluetooth module HC-05; Home automation;Microcontroller ATtiny2313; Relay board; Smartphone"

SH19IOT101 Smart Bin (Waste Segregation and Optimisation)
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Abstract:-" Smart bin has multiple features and its mainfeature is garbage segregation. Smart bin will have 4different compartments for the waste: for plastic waste, forwet waste, for dry waste and lastly for the wastewater fromthe auto clean feature. Apart from this, it will also haveultrasound sensors for the bin to open when a personapproaches the dustbin to throw garbage thus making ithands-free and evidently more hygienic. The smart bin willalso have an analysis done to tell the user the amount andtype of garbage they dispose of. Daily, weekly and monthlygarbage disposal will be analyzed through graphs and datathrough live data reception. The bin will alsohave a remindersent to the phone from the app connected tothe bin to tell usthat it is time to throw the garbage. This idea will help usdispose of the wastes separately and thus also be able todistinguish the recyclable and non-recyclable waste. Thesmart bin is an efficient and hygienic waste disposal andsegregation system which will eventually help inwasteoptimization.Keywords: Segregation, Optimization, Smart, App, IOT,Sanitation, Recycle, Capacitive, Automation"

SH19IOT102 Testing Topology Adaptive Irrigation IoT withCircuits
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Abstract:-"There is a significant unrealized potential in devel-oping state of the art electronics for agriculture, particularly,for irrigation systems. However, development velocity in thedomain of Irrigation Internet of Things (IrIoT) is slowed dueto lengthy and complex validation cycles that require multidomain integration testing. This paper proposes testing IrIoTdistributed controllers on electrical circuit platform prior tofinal verification. This flexible testing environment utilizes wiresas opposed to water lines for testing design shortcomings. Tofully expose challenges associated with next generation IrIoTthis paper discusses testing challenges of topology adaptivedistributed wireless irrigation controllers. Here are presentedcontributions in topology adaptation method, software simulationtools, an intermediate testing step using circuits as opposed todirectly conducting integration testing in the target setting. Theproposed method establishes an isolated circuit sandbox whereintegral system components, in this case IrIoT controllers, andalgorithms are tested prior to full integration testing."

SH19IOT103 A Smart Home Appliance Control System for PhysicallyDisabled People
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Abstract:-"The construction and conversion of ordinary homesinto “smart homes” has seen a tremendous rise in recent years.This can be ascribed to technologies such as the Internet ofThings, sensors, smart phones, smart appliances, cloudcomputing, and digital assistants such as Amazon Alexa,Google Home, Google Assistant, Apple Siri, and MicrosoftCortana. At the outset, smart homes were built toenhance the quality of life for ordinary nondisabled persons.Impressively, we have seen smart home residents reaping thebenefits of security, energy saving, and the ability to controltheir lighting, HVAC (heating, ventilation, and airconditioning), door locks, and coffee makers while they are intheir space of comfort, for example in bed or siting on a couch.However, most smart home devices are not designed withpeople with disabilities and limited range of movement inmind. Of course, being able to control home devices usingsmart technology could be a tremendous benefit to people withphysical disabilities and the older persons. This paper presentsa system that uses smart plugs, smart cameras, smart powerstrips and a digital assistant such as Amazon Alexa, GoogleHome, Google Assistant, Apple Siri, or Microsoft Cortana tocapture voice commands, from a person with physicaldisabilities, spoken in a much more natural way to controlordinary home electrical appliances in order to turn them onor off, with minimal exertion.Keywords – smart homes; digital assistants; voiceactivated system; smart plugs."

SH19IOT104 An Affordable IoT Edge Platform for DigitalFarming in Developing Regions
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Abstract:-"Precision sensing through IoT plays an integral roleat various stages of crop cultivation to measure the ambientenvironment and take appropriate action to maximise yield.For IoT to become pervasive, deployments on the farm haveto overcome multiple limitations around cost, connectivity, andflexibility. The solutions have to be affordable to justify theirvalue, be transparent to flaky connectivity in remote areas, andsuit the sensing modalities associated with different crops. Wehave developed a portable IoT platform on the edge involvinga mobile and a configurable sensor node, which allows us tolocally address contextually relevant sensing needs of the farmer.Integrated with a digital farming platform on the cloud, our edgeplatform helps us to effectively create machine learning basedsolutions for the farmers in poor connectivity and computingenvironments. We showcase a case study where our platforminterfaced with a soil moisture sensor is used to optimise the useof water."

SH19IOT105 Next Generation of Smart Aquaponics withInternet of Things Solutions
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Abstract:-"- With the increasing number of inhabitants of the land,and rising global demand for agricultural products to meet thegrowing human needs of food, and exacerbate the problem ofhunger in various parts of the world there was a need to find non-traditional ways of farming and to give food. Through the five-yearplan, Libya aims to modernize the agricultural sector and keepabreast of the economic, social and scientific changes taking placeat the local, regional and international levels. This plan will enablethe country to increase the contribution of the agricultural sector todomestic GDP and to increase the rate of economic growth throughemployment. Better for available resources and food forLibyans. Aquaponic and Smart Aquaculture between Dream andReality Achieve in Libya. A smart way to automate the agricultureprocess can be called smart agriculture. Using the systemautomatically enables us to eliminate potential crop threats byreducing human intervention, increasing productivity, improvingthe product, and providing nurseries and private farms to ARC andfarmers. The main focus will be on providing an enablingenvironment for plants. This project includes many features suchas device, humidity control, temperature, intruder risk, water flowand observation with different sensors.Keywords Automation, Internet of Things(IOT), , Solar Plates,Android, Temperature, Agriculture, Green House, Controller,Smart Hydroponics,smart farm,Sensor."

SH19IOT106 Low Cost and Robust Field-DeployableEnvironmental Sensor for Smart Agriculture
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Abstract:-" We developed low-cost maintenance-free environmental sensors and their network that we used togather local climate conditions in the field. The features of ourapproach are the low-cost yet accurate sensors, photovoltaicenergy-harvesting, and cloud data processing. We could builda sensor network that was maintenance-free, was lowenvironmental impact (we used supercapacitors instead ofbatteries to store harvested energy), and was cheap enoughthat can be massively installed it in the field.Keywords— environmental sensor, smart agriculture"

SH19IOT107 Bi-modal control of vacuum-powered soft pneumatic actuators withembedded liquid metal-based strain sensitive skin
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Abstract:-" Soft robotic systems are composed of active andpassively deformable structures which are intrinsically com-pliant, flexible, and elastic. Although these features offer ben-efits of adaptability, robustness, and safety, controlling thesetypes of robots is a significant challenge, in part from thedifficulty of obtaining feedback from sensors which providestate information without hindering the advantageous materialproperties which grant these systems their unique mechanicalbehavior. We demonstrate here the first integration of a flexible,stretchable, liquid metal-based strain sensor with vacuum-powered soft pneumatic actuators (V-SPAs) for simultaneouscontrolled feedback of the soft actuators as well as user inputand soft robotic device interaction. The soft sensors which areencapsulated within a Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membraneare directly embedded in the outer body skin of the softactuators, and can be used to correlate the deformation ofthe body under vacuum actuation to overall actuator strainor to detect external disturbances. This information is used tocompute and control the angle of a rotational 3-DoF actuatormodule, as well as detect implicit user input control signalsby direct interaction without the need for an external controlinterface. The dual use of embedded sensing shown in thiswork provides a fundamental strategy for soft collaborativerobot applications.Index Terms— Soft pneumatic actuators, stretchable sensors,soft robotics"

SH19IOT108 Implementation of an Arduino Remote Laboratorywith Raspberry Pi
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Abstract:-"Popularity of Arduino has grown in the last years,mainly as part of the Internet of Things, which is producing arelevant impact in several economic sectors (industry,transportations, energy, agriculture, home automation, etc.).Several national and European policies have been set-up to trainthe EU companies to the adoption and diffusion of the IoTtechnologies. In this paper, we describe the development of aremote lab of Arduino to give support to on-line IoT learningexperimentation environments, which are very important toprovide quality on-line education programs on IoT.Keywords—Remote lab; Arduino; Raspberry; IoT"

SH19IOT109 IoT Based Poultry House Monitoring
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Abstract:-"Recently, the use of IoT (Internet of Things) basedsystem has been expanded with inestimable Internet resources.The system demonstrates the creation of innovative systemsthat facilitate control and supervision regardless of distanceand time. In a poultry house, both temperature and humiditylevels should be monitored regularly in ensuring the systemruns smoothly. It needs to be monitored 24/7 to avoid incidentsthat caused the temperature rises too high. This paperhighlights the IoT solution in monitoring the temperature andhumidity condition including the presence of electricityconnectivity, regardless of time and place.Keywords-Embedded system; Raspberry Pi; IoT; Mobile apps"

SH19IOT110 Automatic chocolate vending machine
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Abstract:-"This paper proposes the design of Automatic chocolate vending machine. The primary point of the thought is to dispatch new innovation application in the public eye. Vending machine that sales different type of products. Here we uses Radio frequency Identification(RFID) along with Arduino, to overcome the coin based vending machine which does not returned the balance amount if no change available. The customer can select the product before the RFID is read, after card is scanned the product can be collected at the chocolate collector. There are three units are present in the machine, the cashless payment provided by the RFID in the first unit. In secondunit ,ArduinoUNO executed the programming section and Finally,the machinedelivers the product and displays the information on the display.Thispaper made solution to the machine that do not returns the balanceamount in a coin based vending machine.Keywords: Arduino, RFID, Motor drive"

SH19IOT111 Intelligent Shopping Cart Using Bolt Esp8266Based on Internet of Things
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Abstract:-" In the living world technology is evolving day by dayin different fields like artificial intelligent, machine learning,virtual 1reality, touch commerce, internet of things and so on.The main motive of the paper is focus to the customer needsand purpose because time is more important to everyone in thereal world. But the people spend the more time in thesupermarket. For example, consumers purchase the number ofitems in the supermarket using trolley. After purchasing theycan face some problems like waiting the long queue in billingsection and without knowing about the calculation ofpurchased items. So, we can consider these problem to find theremedies called as ”Intelligent shopping cart using BOLTbased on IOT”. Our IOT kit consists of barcode scanner, LCDdisplay, Bolt ESP8266. The broad clarification of its process is,when consumer takes an item and put inside the trolley, thattime barcode scanner scan the item barcode and value as wellas gain to show into the digital display panel. Later thanconsumer concluded their purchasing and the bill is send to thecounter section. It will save the time and consumer early itselfknowing the calculation of purchased items.Keywords: Smart trolley, Bolt ESP8266, LCD display,Barcode Scanner, Trolley, Barcode Tag"

SH19IOT112 Forest Fire Alerting System With GPS
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Abstract:-"In the advancing world, it is very crucial toprotect our environment. Many incidents of man-made andnatural disasters were happening around the world. Forest firesare one such catastrophe for environment. Once the fire insidedeep forest starts, it burns and destroys everything and spreadseverywhere within the forest. Fire spreads on hot days destroystrees and grasses due to drought conditions peaks in a forestregion. Such forest fires disasters should be curbed in order toprotect fauna and flora habitats in the forest. The objective ofthis work is to design and implement an IoT based system whichis self-sustaining and would predict and detect the forest firesand sends the exact location to concerned officials which wouldhelp fire fighting personnel to extinguish the fire in the locationwhere it starts slowly. This would prevent the fire to spread overa huge area and also able to take precautionary measures inorder to prevent the fire which may occur in near future.Keywords— Fire Detection, Arduino, Sensors, GPS-ModuleAuthentication, Notification."

SH19IOT113 Vehicle And License Authentication Using FingerPrint
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Abstract:-"A vehicle identification and drivers authentication system as a part of smart city development. It consists of aTCP/IP where centralizied database of authorized vehicles isstored and also it has RFID vehicle tags, RFID tag reader andRFID tag writer. The RFID tag is placed in a vehicle. TheRFID tag reader is used to get the data from the RFID tags.For programming the RFID tags , the RFID tag writer is used.By reading the serial number in the RFID tag. Vehicleidentification can be easily done. Driving license system is ahuge task for the government to monitor. We can see manycriminal activities from the traffic police while they arechecking the documents. The crime will be done by both theside(people and police). To overcome that problem byimplementing one more portable fingerprint sensor modulethat is given to the traffic police, Which is integrated with IOTwhere the person license information is stored. If the personplaces his finger on the sensor then the device will tell youwhether they had a license or not. This can be done byinterlinking the vehicle details with the IOT.Keywords— EM-18 Reader Module1, RFID Tags, ArduinoUNO board3"

SH19IOT114 Fault Detection in Transformer Using GSM Technology
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Abstract:-" Many of the electricity transmissioncompanies across the world and Ghana in arecontinuously looking for ways to utilize the moderntechnologies, in order to improve reliability of the powersupply to consumers. These transmission companiesmainly relies on circuit indicators (FCIs) in order toassist the locating of specific spots within theirtransmission lines where power fault have beenoccurred.In this paper, a smart GSM and IoT based faultdetection and location system was used to indicate andlocate the exact spot where fault had occurred. it willprovide a shorter response time for technical crew torectify these faults and thus help to save transformersfrom damage and crash. These systems uses a currenttransformer, a voltage transformer, PIC 16F877AMicrocontroller, ESP8266 module, and a GSM modem.This system automatically finds faults, analyses andclassifies these faults and then, calculates the faultdistance from the control room using an impedance-based algorithm method. Definitely the faultinformation is transmitted to the control room. Inconclusion, the time required to locate a fault isdesperately reduced, as the system automatically andexactly provides accurate fault location information.Keywords: GSM modem, impedance-based algorithm,Microcontroller, ESP8266 module, Voltage Transformer,Current transformer."

SH19IOT115 Smart Control Of Home Amenities Using GoogleAssistant And Clap Switch Circuit
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Abstract:-"This peerless home automation system isdistinctive from the other existing system which has beenimplemented formerly. Either a planned out microcontrolleror a switching circuit is used to regulate the household devices.This system primarily focuses on the combination of switchingcircuit and the google assistant which is an artificialintelligence powered virtual assistance.Keywords—switching circuit, google assistant, artificialintelligence."

SH19IOT116 Research and Application of Intelligent Internet ofVehicles Model Based on Fog Computing
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Abstract:-"Fog computing, IoT and big data are hot topicsin the research of computer application technology at homeand abroad nowadays. With the high-speed application ofInternet of Things, the data generated by edge devices growsrapidly, and data that is valid or useless is sent to the cloud,which cause data loss, network congestion, and severe shortageof bandwidth resources. A architecture based on fogcomputing and its distributed computing solution areproposed to solve these problems. Taking full advantages ofarchitectures based on fog computing to build an intelligentInternet of Vehicles application system is to give better play toits “de-centralized” function and characteristics of fogcomputing, make its system run fast, stably and accurately,optimize the system structure, make it more simple, modularand intelligent, at the same time, reduce the networkdeployment and operation costs, make the networkdeployment between vehicles and vehicles, roads and roadsideequipment more reasonable, reliable and more economical,provide theoretical basis and scientific experimental basis forintellienge Internet of Vehicles applications, of which theresearch has social and economic value and significance.Key words-- Fog Computing; IoT; Big Data; IntelligentInternet of Vehicles; Model"

SH19IOT117 Environment Dynamic Monitoring and Remote Control of Greenhouse with ESP8266 NodeMCU
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Abstract:-"Aiming to reduce the labour cost in managing green-houses, an combined greenhouse management system includingenvironmentally dynamic monitoring system and remote controlsystem were developed and implemented in a greenhouse. Thecentral unit of this combined system is the ESP8266 NodeMCUboard. Environmental parameters including air temperature, airhumidity, CO2 concentration and soil moisture were selectedto represent the state of the interior environment state of thegreenhouse. Based on HTTP protocol, the ESP8266 NodeMCUconnected to the Wi-Fi and communicated with IoT platforms,Thingspeak and Bylnk. The data regarding environmental pa-rameters was collected from sensors was processed and sent tocloud and IoT platforms though Wi-Fi. Environmental data wasvisualized in time-series form on IoT platforms allowing usersto know about the internal environment conditions in real time.Moreover, the remote system has enabled users to change the op-erative condition of environment controllers remotely by alteringbetween the on-off state of control buttons on Bylnk androidapplication. This combined system has low-cost characteristicsand is suitable for indoor garden, sized greenhouse. Moreover, itcan be applied in modern smart agriculture.Index Terms—ESP8266, Internet of Things, Remote Control,Environment Dynamic Monitoring, Intelligent System, WirelessSensor Network"

SH19IOT118 Origin-Destination Tracking Analysis of anIntelligent Transit Bus System using Internet ofThings
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Abstract:-"There is a dramatic increase in the deployment ofInternet of Things (IoT) devices in the last couple of years. InIntelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), we introduced a cyber-physical system that monitors the quality of service (QoS) fortransit buses around a mid-size university city using Internetof Things (IoT). The sensing IoT devices detected the numberof riders waiting for the bus system at each bus station. Theexperiments ran for six weeks continuously to monitor sevendifferent bus stations around the university. The collected datareports the number of people waiting for the bus at eachstation, the wait time for a particular bus station at differenttime/day(s). In this paper, we analyze the collected data for thevarious bus stations and the origin/destination of some riderswho used one of the seven stations as origin and destinationstations. Also, several security measurements have been addedto address privacy concerns that might occur with the collection,transmission, and storage of data in the Cloud (e.g., the privacyof the ridership Media Access Control (MAC) addresses andtracking of a particular bus rider in the system). We implementsecurity measurements to emphasize the privacy protection ofbus riders.Index Terms—IoT (Internet of Things); Security and Pri-vacy; Intelligent Transportation Systems; Cyber-Physical System;Cloud Computing;"

SH19IOT119 Smart Garbage Segregation & Management SystemUsing Internet of Things(IoT) & MachineLearning(ML)
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Abstract:-"The expansion in populace has prompted gigantic increment in the contamination also. It may peeve numerous relentless diseases for the people. For eliminating or alleviating the garbages andto keep up the cleanness, it requires a smart garbage managingarchitecture. But there is another severe problem, that to segregate thewastes that has been collected. This paper proposes IoT stationed smartwaste segregation and management device which detects the wastes inthe dustbins with the aid of using Sensor devices and as soon as it isdetected the waste substances in it will be segregated with the help ofsensors and right away information is transferred to cloud database viaIoT. Microcontroller is utilized as an association between the sensorsand IoT module. Ultra-sonic sensor is utilized to distinguish thenearness of the waste material. The moisture sensor is used to analyzeand report the moisture content in the waste, and if there is moisturecontent available then the waste cannot be put in the dustbin. Metalsensor is used to separate the metal items and is separated to a section.Image processing algorithm is used to identify the plastics anddegradable items and is separated to another separate sections. Thedustbin data are uploaded to the cloud using IoT in real time. Thishelps in clearing the wastage from dustbin in an efficient and smartestway.Keywords—IoT device, Sensor technology, management system,waste management, plastic segregation, waste management, wastesegregation system, waste management system, metal wastesegregation, IoT based system, image processing, machinelearning, etc."

SH19IOT120 Design Of A Monitoring System For WasteManagement Using IoT
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Abstract:-"Garbage disposal is one of the main problemsfaced in India regardless of the growth of the states and thearea of development. It is a major problem in the underdeveloped places It is found that most cases the trashes arespread across the road side because it is not collected on time.This trash leads to spread of disease and cause illness. Thereis a possibility of having some deadly disease. So, theproposed systems find the solution for the garbage disposal bydesigning a smart dust bin by managing the garbage. Thegarbage is collected, and the garbage collector sent from thecontrol room. The smart dustbin sends the message to thecontrol room through the sensors attached to it. The dustbinis attached with the ultrasonic sensor, infrared sensor fordetecting the level of the waste and anonymous gases whichis connected to a Raspberry Pi microcontroller where it isprogrammed to send message to the control room if thegarbage is full and also if the garbage is not disposed for along time.Keywords - IOT, Microcontroller, Garbage, Raspberry pi,Sensors."

SH19IOT121 Design and Implementation of IoT-enabled Compost MONITORING SYSTEM
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Abstract:-"Precision agriculture has seen growing adoption byfarmers as it offers great benefits in terms of productivity,traceability and efficient operation. The areas of applicationinclude crop management, livestock management as well asother agricultural product management. This paper presentsthe development and implementation of compost monitoringsystem that is enabled by Internet-of-Things (IoT) technologies.This system is designed to be deployed in an organic farm inSerian district, Sarawak, Malaysia. The design of the systemsetup considers the field conditions at the farm. The two-level(sensor node and gateway) approach in developing the system,combined with the use of LoRa communication and MiFi devicepermits users to monitor the compost parameters remotely. Theexperimental results are presented.Keywords—Compost Monitoring, Wireless Sensor Node,Internet-of-Things, LoRa Communication"

SH19IOT122 Smart Waste Collection Monitoring and AlertSystem via IoT
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Abstract:-"The uncollected waste material when the waste bin is full is a common problem nowadays. Thus, an efficient waste management for the waste material is essential inensuring a clean and green surrounding environment. Thispaper presents an Internet of Things (IoT) based Smart WasteCollection Monitoring and Alert System to monitor the wastematerial at the selected site of garbage collection area. Thesystem is implemented using an ultrasonic sensor which isconnected to Arduino UNO as to monitor waste bin garbagelevel. In this system, waste bin depth level will be sent viaArduino Ethernet Shield with an Internet connection to theUbidots IoT Cloud. The Ubidots store the collected waste binlevel data into IoT database and display the waste bin depthlevel on online dashboard for real-time visualization. TheUbidots Event manager invoke a notification alert to garbagecollector mobile phone via a SMS when the waste bin is nearlyfilled for immediate waste collection. Therefore, the wastecollection became more effective and systematic.Keywords— Ultrasonic Sensor, Arduino UNO, Smart WasteCollection Monitoring and Alert System, Ubidots."

SH19IOT123 Secure Outdoor Smart Parking using DualMode Bluetooth Mesh Networks
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Abstract:-"Efficient parking lot automation continues to be afocal point of smart city initiatives. Most existing unattendedparking lots suffer from a lack of seamless automation, insteaddeploying ticketing and payment at ingress and egress pointsor other systems with heavy user involvement that often formbottlenecks. Similarly, many lots use per-space sensing with ex-pensive networking and power requirements simply to determinespace occupancy. Parking solutions that are free from the delaycaused by this user burden and infrastructure could experiencefaster occupancy turnover with lower cost. An ongoing challengein developing seamless parking experiences is the detection andidentification of vehicles in parking spaces without the need forcomplex and expensive per-space occupancy detection technology.We develop a smart parking solution that uses a single low-power wireless radio technology to seamlessly perform parkedvehicle localization and transport of sensor data for use by a cen-tral management system. Our solution uses a sparse, self-formingnetwork of dual-mode Bluetooth sensors within a parking areato observe the presence of customized authenticated BluetoothLow-Energy (BLE) beacons placed in vehicles parked in thelot. Our localization technique is based on radio fingerprintingusing Received Signal Strength Indication (RSSI) values fromthe beacon, and a random forest machine learning classifier thatpredicts where the vehicle is parked based on its fingerprint.We implemented our solution in Python on commodity Internetof Things (IoT) hardware and deployed it to a 105 spaceoutdoor parking lot. There, we conducted fingerprinting andprediction experiments. Our results show that our exact-spaceprediction model evaluates with a high accuracy using radiotraining data (90.7% correctly identified), and our in-vehicle testsshow a promising result (69.17% accurate up to and including 3spaces away), even without employing tuning and data filteringtechniques. This encouraging result shows that localization usingBluetooth is a viable means of managing parked vehicles, withgreat promise for a variety of future parking managementapplications.Index Terms—Smart Parking, Bluetooth Mesh Networking,Bluetooth Localization"

SH19IOT124 IoT and Block Chain driven Intelligent TransportationSystem
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Abstract:-" As the technology dependencies are increasingday by day in human work-life culture and the advancement inthe number of electronic home appliances devices, autocompanies and number of other platforms and applications areconnected to the Internet of Things (IoT) and becoming moreand more rapid increase in data consumption and the securityand privacy of customer data cannot be comprised and theblock chain domain perfectly allows to secure the customerdata and it can be easily overlaps with the Internet of Things(IoT). This paper will focus the Internet of Things (IoT) andblock chain architecture and platforms and how effectively itcan be integrated into automotive industries and other usecases. We conclude that the Internet of Things (IoT) and blockchain combination is a good combination and can cause mostkey revolutions across different industries and effectivemanagement, security and privacy of the customerconfidential information also providing helpful guidance andreference for future research works.Keywords— Block Chain; IoT layers architectures IoTarchitectures; IoT- Transport; Security;Privacy;"

SH19IOT125 An Overview Of Security Challenges Of SeaportIoT Systems
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Abstract:-" Introduction of Internet of Things (IoT) and accelerated digitalization have globally improved productivity of seaports. The underlying problem of IoT is data vulnerability, and the effects are very pronounced with in the complex business processes that take place inseaports. The main consequences of the unprotectedconnected devices are unauthorized access, theft ofimportant information, and loss of information control. Inthe future, new vectors of intrusions will be developed, andit is important to anticipate possible weaknesses.Furthermore, IoT data must be continuously backed up inremote locations, which would facilitate the prevention ofirrecoverable loss of data. Some seaports, where largevolume of traffic is present, demonstrate that it is possible toutilize IoT advantages after the correct implementation andmonitoring of the entire system, while minimizing errors orconsequences of security attacks.Keywords - Internet of Things, Seaports, Security systems"

SH19IOT126 Low-Cost Portable ECG
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Abstract:-Low-Cost Portable ECG"Common contemporary ECG units are computer-based devices that can be connected to the computer networkto enable simultaneous monitoring of several patients in, e.g.,intensive care units. Typically, these devices are relatively large,heavy, and powered from the wall socket. As a result, themovement of a patient is limited, even in cases when the patient’sphysical condition does not bind him/her to the bed.This paper describes proof-of-concept portable device for elec-trocardiography which can measure three elemental ECG leads,is battery powered and transmits measured data into a centraldata collection unit via WiFi. Therefore, the patient can leave thebed for a reasonable distance, while the physician can continuemonitoring the patient’s health condition.It is easy to quickstart usage and mass production of thepresented prototype. We have tested the hardware and developedthe necessary software. The system is based on ADAS1000 fromAnalog Devices as an ECG analogue front-end. Measured dataare processed by STM32L0 MCU and sent to the data collectionunit using the ESP8266 WiFi module.Index Terms—development of a portable device, electrocardiog-raphy, cardiology, permanent patient care, data collection, centralunit, ADAS1000, STM32, WiFi"

SH19IOT127 Wireless control system for an intelligent home
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Abstract:-Wireless control system for an intelligent home"This paper defines the concept of a new home-based solution for the future that has high performance intelli-gent systems to control more critical parameters such as hu-midity, temperature, lighting, door and window state, houseenergy consumption and many other features. The paper in-cludes essential issues related to the design and implementationof an inexpensive and secure home security system for the gen-eral users. A wireless sensor network based on ESP8266,Raspberry Pi3 and a series of open source software packagesintroduces a very attractive feature in scalability, cost, com-pactness, ease of maintenance, ease of deployment and ease ofcustomization of the entire system control. The security level isincreased due to the use of Raspberry Pi3 control, which hasbuilt-in capabilities, sends SMS to the user, and is easily con-nected to other external devices.Keywords—Intelligent home, Internet of Things, Wirelessnetwork, Communications, Hard / soft components"

SH19IOT128 An NB-IoT-based smart trash can system forimproved health in smart cities
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Abstract:-"The intelligent treatment of urban garbage is animportant component of creating a smart city and also solvesseveral problems associated with urban garbage. Many tra-ditional garbage cans are widely distributed, resulting in awaste of human and material resources, untimely government.Therefore, in this paper, we propose an intelligent system basedon edge computing and the narrow-band Internet of things (NB-IoT) for monitoring smart trash cans (STCs). The deployedintelligent garbage cans are distributed throughout the city andare equipped with a variety of sensors, including a compressionsensor, a location sensor, an infrared sensor, and an alarm sensor.The data sent from the smart bins are preprocessed through edgenodes for data classification and priority transmission, whichreduces the required network transmission bandwidth and thecomputational tasks at the centralized data center. The NB-IoTis a narrow-band communication technology with low powerconsumption, wide coverage, low cost, and large capacity. Theexperimental results show that the proposed STC system showsgood system performance, and allows for intelligent managementof garbage in smart cities.Index Terms—smart trash cans, NB-IoT, sensor, intelligentmanagement"

SH19IOT129 Smart Rural Framework Using IoT Devices andCloud Computing
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Abstract:-"Increased energy consumption and Car-bon Dioxide levels have led to climate change, whichhas a wide variety of adverse effects on human health.The effects are apparent in the gaseous concentra-tions within the air that we breathe, rapidly changingweather conditions, and declining quality of agricul-ture. These effects are evident in the state of Louisiana,where agricultural concerns are paramount and naturaldisasters including flooding are consistently of concern.In this paper, we propose a Smart Rural Framework tomitigate the effects of climate change using Internetof Things and the Cloud, building a prototype onLouisiana Tech University campus. Our design com-bines sensor nodes, that uses low-power microproces-sors, with the Cloud, on which higher processing powerand larger storage capability are available, to envisionan informative and reliable web dashboard to visualizethe information collected from the sensor nodes. SmartRural Framework uses Libelium Waspmote as sensornodes, Meshlium as a Fog server, and Amazon WebServices as the preferred cloud service and DynamoDBas a cloud datastore. The use of low-power idling modein the sensor nodes, the low-energy 802.15.4 wirelessprotocol, and cloud computing have proved to makethe Smart Rural Framework a green technology. Ourresults show that the Smart Rural Framework can mon-itor and regulate battery power usage and the readingscan be expressed to users in an intuitive fashion."

SH19IOT130 Estimating Parking Time Under Batch Arrival andDynamic Pricing Policy
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Abstract:-" As the urban population and the carownership rate increase, traffic is becoming a seriousurban problem. It remains difficult to reduce the largenumber of vehicles circling in search for free and cheaperlots in urban area. The driver’s choice for on-street lots,which are generally cheaper than off-street lots but alsorare, causes congestion, impact negatively the parkingrevenues and increases the total cost of drivers' trips.However, we propose to intervene on price as effective toolto influence driver’s behavior, balance parking demandand enhance parking turnover in urban environment. Thisarticle highlights the interactions between parking price,real-time parking demand and parking time. We analyzethe parking time under near-real-life conditions using theDiscrete Batch Markovian Arrival Process (D-BMAP).Subsequently, we identify the optimal arrival rate that willseek to make the best use of parking resources. Finally, wepropose to adopt a dynamic pricing policy that changesprices proportionally to the arrival rates on each parkingand therefore reduces congestion (cruising time) andeliminates the driver’s preference for some parking.Keywords—Smart parking; Discrete-Batch Markovian Arrivalprocess; real-time arrival rate; Dynamic price;"

SH19IOT131 Indoor Localisation of IoT Devices by DynamicRadio Environment Mapping
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Abstract:-" Radiolocation within indoor environments is achallenge due to the dynamic variations caused by movement ofobjects and the complex multipath radio propagation. Thereforetechniques that are suitable for indoor scenarios need to be robustto the multipath effects, which leads to additional powerconsumption and complexity. For instance, Ultra-widebandtransmission can overcome multipath impact at the expense ofrequiring at least three access points in range with high bandwidthtransmission. Such approaches are not feasible in commodity andlow power IoT device tracking using legacy transmitter devices,such as WiFi or Bluetooth. Therefore, the proposed approach toaddress this problem is to selectively use Angle of Arrival (AoA)capabilities in access points, with the need for only two, toadaptively take measurements as compatible devices move aroundthe environment in order to update radio maps used for optimisingthis process. In doing so important inferences about the dynamicenvironment can be exploited to adapt the measurement intervalsto reduce the measurements and processing required and conservepower.Keywords— Radiolocation, REM, IoT device localisation"

SH19IOT132 Internet of Things in Smart Agriculture: EnablingTechnologies
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Abstract:-"In this paper, an IoT technology research and in-novation roadmap for the field of precision agriculture (PA)is presented. Many recent practical trends and the challengeshave been highlighted. Some important objectives for integratedtechnology research and education in precision agriculture aredescribed. Effective IoT based communications and sensing ap-proaches to mitigate challenges in the area of precision agricultureare presented."

SH19IOT133 IoT enabled Plant Sensing Systems for Small andLarge Scale Automated Horticultural Monitoring
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Abstract:-" We report small scale and large scale sensory systems that can monitor climatic conditions in greenhouses,laboratories, or crops that affect plant growth. An ultra-lightweight flexible sensory platform using bare die CMOS chipshaving a light, temperature, and humidity sensor on a flexiblepolymer substrate is demonstrated. It is made up of flexible andtransparent materials and weighs merely 0.44 gram. Thus, thestandalone multisensory platform can be seamlessly placed on aplant leaf without affecting its functions. Furthermore, a strainsensor using our unique fabrication strategy with 10 fold enhancedlinear strain range (22%; conventional metal-based strain gaugeshave 2-5% linear range) is used to monitor physical plant growthover long time intervals. A framework is further provided forlarge-scale deployment of these sensors for remote monitoring oflarge cultivated areas of crops. The sensory platform is equippedwith biodegradable paper wings to soften the landing during theirdeployment, dropped using a compact dropping mechanism. Thesensors are equipped with IoT enabled electronics to allow real-time online data representation and monitoring.Keywords—plants; microclimate; sensors; bare-die; lightweight;"

SH19IOT134 System Architecture based on IoT for Smart CampusParking Lots
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Abstract:-"This work aims to design a system architecture ofinternet-of-things (IoT) for managing electric vehicles chargingin a university campus. The electric vehicle management systemis composed of electric vehicles, charging stations, parking lotlocal controllers and a university central controller. Theproposed architecture consists of three layers: a power systemlayer, a communication network layer and an application layer.The electric vehicle system components, data traffic andcommunication requirements that should be taken into accountare defined in order to implement the smart campus parking lots.The performance analysis and practical feasibility ofimplementing IoT-based architecture have been investigated fora smart parking lot in Chonbuk National University Campus,South Korea.Keywords- Electric Vehicles, Charging Stations, Smart ParkingLot, Internet of Things, Communication Network."

SH19IOT135 IoT Based Smart Inventory Management System forKitchen Using Weight Sensors, LDR, LED,Arduino Mega and NodeMCU (ESP8266) Wi-FiModule with Website and App
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Abstract:-" Smart kitchen inventory management system(SIMS) is a system that is based on IoT, which will make managing kitchen, medicine, restaurant inventory moreefficient and hassle free. This will not only notify users of theircurrent inventory but also automatically order for new items ifquantity gets low. Users can also manually order online to getany items delivered at their doorstep directly from their SIMSapp. User can also generate list of a given timeframe so that userwill be able to know about their expenditure. In addition, usercan track their order status and order history through website.With the help of Smart Kitchen Inventory (SKI), a part of SIMS,people can forget about the hassle of grocery shopping as it canbe operated from anywhere through the website or the androidapp and order anything they need anytime they want.Keywords— Arduino; database; embedded system; esp8266;IoT; inventory; nodemcu; robotics; smart; and Wi-Fi."

SH19IOT136 IOT based Electrical Device Surveillance andControl System
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Abstract:-"with every enhancement in Internet in terms ofspeed and bandwidth, IOT (Internet Of things) is taking themarket on a new node and knocking the door with newopportunities of inventions.This paper talks about an energysaving electrical device Surveillance and Control system basedon IOT.A large amount of energy is consumed by lightingappliances, so making improved efficiency and quick faultdetection is a significant challenge.In this work, two differentmodel approaches is followed depending on the nature ofapplication.For small areas or confined premises IEEE 802.11wireless technology is used where all the appliances isconnected to a common Wi-Fi network.In the second modellike street lamp pole where number of appliances grows only inone direction, wired configuration is used to avoid range issue.Keywords—Street light; Traffic Signal, Signal Control;Wireless Communication; IEEE 802.11; Node MCU;ESP8266;Energy efficiency; Node Red; Raspberry Pi;MCP23008;"

SH19IOT137 Real Time Tracking and Alert System forLaptop through Implementation of GPS, GSM,Motion Sensor and Cloud Services for Anti-theft Purposes
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Abstract:-" This paper report explains the methodology to track a stolen laptop through the implementation of GPS, GSM, Motion Sensor, and Cloud Services. Unlikeother existing laptop tracking techniques available in themarket, the methodology mentioned in the paper tracksthe laptop even if it is not connected to the internet or isin turn off mode. With the implementation of IoT, theowner will be able to track his or her stolen laptop themoment it makes a small movement and can trigger analarm that will be embedded in the laptop. The alarmwill make noise audible up to 10 meters that will makethe thief think twice before carrying the laptop withhimself. Meanwhile the owner will also be able tomonitor the location of his or her stolen laptop throughthe mobile application installed on his or her phone bycommunicating with the GPS and GSM modulesembedded in the laptop, through the cloud.Index Terms— GPS; GSM; laptop; accelerometer; GPS;GSM; cloud computing; tracking; alert; alarm; theft."

SH19IOT138 Identification and Visualization of HazardousGases Using IoT
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Abstract:-" Air pollution is increasing exponentially becauseof natural and human causes. Adverse effects of air pollution arenot only limited to human beings, flora and fauna but areextended to the historical monuments as well. Thus, airmonitoring has become an imperative task for society.Atmospheric Air Surveil System (AASS) comprises of a portablemodel for the remote web-based monitoring of CarbonMonoxide (CO) and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) gases in outdoorregions. The sensor mote (device) consists of a microcontroller,gas sensors and Global Positioning System (GPS). Thecalibrated sensor grid is used to measure the concentration ofthe gases from surrounding which are then processed using themicrocontroller. The processed data from the motes aretransmitted to the cloud via the Internet of Things (IoT). UsingMQTT (Message Queuing Telemetry Transport) protocol thesedata are fed to the server after which, they are stored in the DataAcquisition (DAQ) unit. The dashboard is provided for thevisualization of the stored data. Email notifications, activity log,Geographic Location Verification (GLV) and DeviceAuthentication (DA) functionalities are provided. Also, theauthorized user can control the whole device from a remotelocation. This system is tested for the scalability.Keywords—Air pollution, Environmental monitoring, GasDetector, IoT, Microcontroller, MQTT protocol, Wirelesscommunication"

SH19IOT139 Smart Energy Efficient Home Automation SystemUsing IoT
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Abstract:-"Advancement in IoT based application hasbecome the state-of-the art technology among the researcherdue to the availability of Internet everywhere. To make theapplication more user friendly, web based and android basedtechnologies have gained their importance in this cutting edgetechnology. In this paper, smart energy efficient homeautomation system is proposed that can access and control thehome equipments from every corner of the world. For thissystem, Internet connectivity module is attached to the mainsupply unit of the home system which can be accessed throughthe Internet. For wireless connectivity, the static IP address isused. Home automation is based on multimodal applicationthat can be operated using voice recognition command of theuser using the Google Assistant or through a web basedapplication. Thus, main objective of this work is to make ourhome automation system more secure and intelligent.Keywords—Home Automation, Relay, Node MCU(ESP8266), IFTTT, Adafruit, Internet of Things (IoT), GoogleAssistant, Voice Control, Smartphone."

SH19IOT140 Computer Vision based drowsiness detection formotorized vehicles with Web Push Notifications
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Abstract:-"Since the advent of high-speedmotorized vehiclesdrowsy driving accidents have claimed the livesof millions ofpeople across the globe. With more research happening inadvanced high-speed engines, the risk of such accidents hasincreased ten-fold times. To avoid such accidents, this paperproposes a Computer Vision-basedsystem drowsiness systemfor motorized vehicles with Web Push Notifications to notifythe driver before any accident occurs. A real-time video systemcaptures the face of the driver and a pre-trained machinelearning model detects the eye boundaries from that real-timevideo stream. Then each eye is represented by 6 – coordinates(x,y) starting from the left corner of the eye and then workingclockwise around the eye. The EAR (Ear Aspect Ratio) iscalculated for 20 consecutive frames, which if less than athreshold sounds an alarm and sends an alert on your mobiledevice through a Web Push Notification.The alert when openedalso shows some coffee shops near the driver’s location toincrease the driver’s alertness.Keywords—Computer Vision, Drowsiness, EAR (Eye AspectRatio), Web Push Notifications, Web Socket."

SH19IOT141 Automatic Vehicle Counting for IoT based SmartTraffic Management System for Indian urbanSettings
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Abstract:-"For smart city management, efficient handling ofroad traffic is one of the key aspects. Traffic congestion can bemanaged effectively, if the numbers of vehicles that are to passthrough a crowded junction can be pre-estimated in time. Theproposed method presents a framework, which has the capabilityto continuously convey the vehicle count and generate an alarmin case of large vehicle gathering to the controlling station in theChandigarh or alike urban Indian cities. The number of vehiclespassing through a location well before the required trafficjunction can be estimated using the help of image processingtechniques. Further, the monitoring details can be shared to adistant controlling centre situated anywhere in the city throughinternet usage. The performed experiments demonstrate theeffectiveness of this Internet of Things (IoT) based technology.Index Terms—IoT, Firebase, Blob Detection, Raspberry Pi."

SH19IOT142 Identifying Traffic Congestion Pattern usingK-means Clustering Technique
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Abstract:-"With increase in urbanization and socio-economical growth, the number of vehicles in major metropolitan cities is increasing day by day. Therefore, traffic congestion is becominga major concern of metropolitan cities all over the world. Thisresults in tremendous air pollution, loss of valuable time andmoney of citizens. Hence, traffic congestion monitoring ofdifferent road segments is very essential for analyzing theproblem associated with smooth mobility. Identifying theproblematic road segments within the city is one of the importantjob for the transport authority to assess the road condition. Thatwill assist the government agencies or policy makers to optimizetraffic rules and regulations. This work identifies trafficcongestion pattern which can classify the different roadsegments based on traffic density and average speed of vehicles.The traffic parameters are captured by in-road stationarysensors deployed in road segments. The proposed system uses k-means clustering algorithm to categorize the different roadsegments.Index Terms—Clustering, in-road sensors, traffic congestionpattern, k-means"

SH19IOT143 Internet of Things for Green Cities Transformation:Benefits and Challenges
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Abstract:-" This contribution provides an overview of IoTembedded in the cities, its contributions and the challenges,from the environmental perspective. Energy, which is theessential lifeline of smart cities, can be a crucial sector benefitingfrom IoT implementation. However, there is still a research gapon the offset/saving versus the footprint of the IT sector. Theoverall reduction of energy consumptions through theintegration of IoT is yet to be verified. The end of lifemanagement remains an issue. Continuous research anddevelopment, as well as assessment, could bring the sustainablesmart concept into its real-life implementation in the foreseeablefuture. The presentation stems to provide a platform for thediscussion of future research directions and priorities.Keywords— Internet of Things, Green Cites, Transformationto Smart Cities, Advantages and Issues to be Considered."

SH19IOT144 Radio Frequency Identification based GoalLine Technology for Quick DecisionMaking in a Football Match
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Abstract:-"With the growing popularity of football globally,the accuracy of each and every events and technology involvedin the game is a concern. Critical situations arise when thereferee cannot discriminate a goal or no goal by fine marginsdue to human visual limitations. Nowadays Video-AssistantReferee (VAR) and other technologies perform accuratedecision-making can be implemented in a live match. But theprocess consumes a lot of time which reduces the fast pace ofthe game and can cause unnecessary distractions. This studyaims to design an automatic goal-line detection system with thehelp of radio frequency identification (RFID) – Arduinointerfacing. RFID incorporates the use of radio waves toextract the information stored in a tag attached to an object.The proposed system uses RFID tags which are fitted on theinside surface of a football. The information embedded in thetags is read by RFID readers, placed behind the goalpost. Thistechnology does not require any additional programming andcamera analysis in decision-making, thus making the systemfaster to help the referees in quick decision-making andmaintaining the pace of the game.Keywords— radio frequency identification, goal-linetechnology, decision making, football, Arduino."

SH19IOT145 Design of Rescue and Health Monitoring Bracelet forThe Elderly Based on STM32
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Abstract:-"China has gradually entered an aging society, fewstudies have focused on smart wearable devices for the elderly. Inthis paper, the bracelet communicates with the APP on the smartphone through Bluetooth signal to achieve temperature and heartrate monitoring and one-button rescue function.STM32F103 isused as the MCU of bracelet , ST188 is used for monitoringheart rate. MLX90614 is used to measure temperature.Thissystem realizes body monitoring and one-button rescuefunction.It is proved that pressing the help button can call anemergency contact within two seconds and send the user'slocation and heart rate to the emergency contact.It plays animportant role in buying valuable time for the effective treatmentof sudden diseases of the elderly.Keywords—bracelet; rescue; STM32; elderly;heart rate"

SH19IOT146 Farmland Monitoring System Based on CloudPlatform
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Abstract:-"The accurate environment regulation in time is an important guarantee for crop growth and its requirement is also improved with the development of modern agriculture. To solve theproblems of field information’s low-sharing and poor serviceability, this paper develope a field environment monitoring systembased on cloud platform and mobile APP. It set up a wirelesssensor network in fields to collect environment parameters timelyby nRF24L01 and esp8266, process & store information and makeintelligent decisions on the platform OneNet, visualize data onmobile APP. The test show that the system is simple in operation,accurate in early warning, high reliability in remote control;thetransmission accuracy rate of the field data is 100%.It realizes realtime monitoring、remote control and early warning function of thefarmland environment .Keywords-- cloud platform;Wireless Sensor Network;Fieldenvironment;Precision contro"

SH19IOT147 Energy Efficient Bike-Share Tracking System withBLE Beacons and LoRa Technology
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Abstract:-"Around the world, vast improvements in public transportation methods in urban environments have been made. However, in densely populated areas, the bicycle remains avery useful means of transportation. Its small size and minimalenvironmental impact are the critical factors that maintain itsrelevance. Moreover, the advancement of connected devices andsharing-based services have allowed private vendors to developbike-sharing programs, giving millions access to bike transporta-tion around the globe. These bike-sharing programs rely on theuser to check out and return the bike to a designated bike-holdingstation. With the growth of Internet of Things (IoT) services andwirelessly connected devices, there is a major benefit in enablingvendors to track their bicycle assets. Satellite navigation has comea long way, however, it requires a large power overhead. Thispaper proposes an energy-efficient bicycle tracking system thatutilizes bicycle powered Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) beaconsand Long Range (LoRa) type base-stations in order to trackand maintain a real-time location-based inventory of all assets.The BLE beacons are used to track individual bicycle assetsbased on Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) proximityand the LoRa base stations exploit longer range communicationcapabilities to transmit asset location information between eachother, for added management capabilities. Preliminary proximityestimations using BLE beacons in an urban outdoor environmentshow promising results with proximity accuracy consistentlyunder 2 meters."

SH19IOT148 Securing connection between IT and OT: the FogIntrusion Detection System prospective
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Abstract:-"Industrial Control systems traditionally achievedsecurity by using proprietary protocols to communicate in anisolated environment from the outside. This paradigm is changedwith the advent of the Industrial Internet of Things that foreseesflexible and interconnected systems. In this contribution, adevice acting as a connection between the operational technologynetwork and information technology network is proposed. Thedevice is an intrusion detection system related to legacy systemsthat is able to collect and reporting data to and from industrialIoT devices. It is based on the common signature based intrusiondetection system developed in the information technology domain,however, to cope with the constraints of the operation technologydomain, it exploits anomaly based features. Specifically, it is ableto analyze the traffic on the network at application layer by meanof deep packet inspection, parsing the information carried by theproprietary protocols. At a later stage, it collect and aggregatedata from and to IoT domain. A simple set up is considered toprove the effectiveness of the approach.Index Terms—Cybersecurity, Intrusion Detection System, In-dustrial Internet of Things, Fog Computing, New ImplementationApproaches, Industrial Informatics."

SH19IOT149 Hardware Security in IoT era:the Role of Measurements and Instrumentation
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Abstract:-"Broadly, Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm rep-resents an evolving technology which tries to reach its maingoal, where each and every ‘thing’ (i.e. device) can be: (i)connected through a network and (ii) controllable from anyremote station. Activity sectors like intelligent manufacturing,farms, e-agriculture, real-time traffic controls, environment mon-itoring, camera security systems, health-care, etc., are going to begoverned by the IoT paradigm as backbone in the near future.In this context, ensuring security during ‘thing’ operation andinformation exchange becomes a critical task. Therefore, securedIoT applies equally to: (i) IoT device-to-device communication,(ii) IoT sensing/actuating, and (iii) IoT information exchange.In this paper, a brief literature survey regarding the researchpointing out the Hardware Security (HS) for IoT is presented.Furthermore, in the paper, a short analysis regarding the existingtrends for measurements and instrumentation is reported.Index Terms—Internet-of-Things, IoT Devices, Hardware Se-curity, Measurements, Instrumentation, Remote Monitoring."

SH19IOT150 Design of Inshore Water Monitoring System Based on IOT
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Abstract:-"Abstract In recent years, countries around the world have deployed a large number of advanced unmanned submersibles in the deep sea to build a complete underwater surveillance system. For the effective detection of threat from underwater, underwater should build three-dimensional multi-dimensional early warning detection system, the development potential of new communication technologies right. This paper designed an offshore environmental monitoring systems. The system includes two subsystems, which waters the information detection subsystem enables real-time monitoring of water information, data distribution subsystem monitoring data can be sent to the specified users through the default network.The system is deployed to the port and nearby offshore waters can achieve anti-submarine reconnaissance information network set up, the next step with advanced acoustic detector can play an important role in the anti-war underwater unmanned underwater vehicles.."

SH19IOT151 A Survey on LoRa for IoT:Integrating Edge Computing
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Abstract:-"Increased automation and intelligence in computersystems have revealed limitations of Cloud-based computingsuch as unpredicted latency in safety-critical and performance-sensitive applications. The amount of data generated from ubiq-uitous sensors has reached a degree where it becomes impracticalto always store and process in the Cloud. Edge computing bringscomputation and storage to the Edge of the network near towhere the data originates yielding reduced network load andbetter performance of services. In parallel, new wireless commu-nication technologies have appeared to facilitate the expansionof Internet of Things (IoT). Instead of seeking higher data rates,low-power wide-area network aims at battery-powered sensornodes and devices which require reliable communication for aprolonged period of time. Recently, Long Range (LoRa) hasbecome a popular choice for IoT-based solutions. In this paper,we explore and analyze different application fields and relatedworks which use LoRa and investigate potential improvementopportunities and considerations. Furthermore, we propose ageneric architecture to integrate Edge computation capabilityin IoT-based applications for enhanced performance.Index Terms—IoT, Edge Computing, Fog Computing, SmartCities, Smart Agriculture, Farming, Animal Tracking, IIoT,Smart Metering, LoRa, LoRaWAN, LPWAN, Survey."

SH19IOT152 SmartCropCultivation Monitoring System byUsing IoT
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Abstract:-"Agricultural is an important field of economic development in Lao. Farming needs to be adapted in order to be able to satisfy consumers, so using IoT (Internet of Things) to help in this field is one of the preferred alternatives in the present. In this research, the system monitoring of soil moisture, temperature and water control has been proposed by using NodeMCU ESP8266, sensors and Cloud Computing. To study the effects of growth rate, producing rate, water saving rate of crop planting the three methods such as traditional farm, the greenhouse by using a timer to control soil moisture and the greenhouse by using sensors to automatically control soil moisture was set up and experimented on the melon farm. After that, we have kept track and record all statistics of each part of the plants such as height, its flower, and fruit every week for ten weeks, then analyse it on average in percentage (%) by using Excel to gather information. The results of all experiments compared with method using sensor to automatically control soil moisture, the result as following: grown rate is better than traditional farm 41.2% and better than a timer to control soil moisture is 23.1%; productivity is getting more than traditional farm 70% and get more than a timer to control soil moisture is 12.1%; water saving better than traditional farm 20.9% and better than a timer to control soil moisture is 5.5%. Keywords—Internet of Things (IoT), Sensors, Control, Smart farm, Agricultural. "

SH18IOT153 IoT enabled comprehensive, plug and play gateway framework for smart health
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Abstract:-With convergence of digital technology and smart devices, monitoring and tracking data in real time become true. Given the invention of many health vital sensors and activity tracking devices, dynamically measure and monitoring of vital health parameters become easy. The sensors and devices uses numerous protocols and communication methods for transmitting the data. In a conventional setup, it is difficult to connect multiple devices with different proprietary applications and monitor. Moreover, it is cumbersome to control multiple devices and store, analyses all the vitals parameter data. There is no common platform or frameworks available to connect the multiple health sensors and to monitor the vitals simultaneously. This paper proposes the comprehensive, scalable, plug and play smart health gateway for connecting variety of health sensors and allows the devices seamless communication for transmit and control. With IoT enabled, the framework seamlessly connects with cloud services and stream the data for storage, analysis and prediction. The proposed unified framework is not only an efficient building block for connecting many health sensors but also enable seamless connectivity between gateway and cloud platform and services..

SH18IOT154 Design of an Energy Efficient IoT enabled Smart System based on DALI network over MQTT protocol
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Abstract:-The term “Internet of Things” or “IoT” refers to a hot and virgin area that is gaining importance day by day with increasing advancement in technology. With the help of micro-controllers like Arduino and microcomputers like Raspberry Pi, cheap devices can be used to measure sensor data and send it over the internet. Also, DALI (Digital Addressable Lighting Interface) is a new module of communication between the electrical equipment and a server or computer that will result in an effective realization of a smart-grid. This paper covers the communication of a DALI network of a group of lights with a Raspberry Pi (broker) over MQTT (Message Queuing Telemetry Transport) protocol keeping the concept of IoT in the background. This method proved to optimize electricity usage by optimal controlling the intensity of LEDs at various floors of the CDAC smartbuilding..

SH18IOT155 Internet of Things Meets Brain-Computer Interface
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Abstract:-A Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) acquires brain signals, analyzes and translates them into commands that are relayed to actuation devices for carrying out desired actions. With the widespread connectivity of everyday devices realized by the advent of the Internet of Things (IoT), BCI can empower individuals to directly control objects such as smart home appliances or assistive robots, directly via their thoughts. However, realization of this vision is faced with a number of challenges, most importantly being the issue of accurately interpreting the intent of the individual from the raw brain signals that are often of low fidelity and subject to noise. Moreover, pre-processing brain signals and the subsequent feature engineering are both time-consuming and highly reliant on human domain expertise. To address the aforementioned issues, in this paper, we propose a unified deep learning based framework that enables effective human-thing cognitive interactivity in order to bridge individuals and IoT objects. We design a reinforcement learning based Selective Attention Mechanism (SAM) to discover the distinctive features from the input brain signals. In addition, we propose a modified Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) to distinguish the inter-dimensional information forwarded from the SAM. To evaluate the efficiency of the proposed framework, we conduct extensive real-world experiments and demonstrate that our model outperforms a number of competitive state-of-the-art baselines. Two practical real-time human-thing cognitive interaction applications are presented to validate the feasibility of our approach.

SH18IOT156 A System for Monitoring Hygiene Compliance Based-on internet-of-Things
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Abstract:-Studies show that the poor hand hygiene practices in public health institutions such as hospitals, clinics, schools and nursing homes is the most likely cause of the spread of various bacterial diseases. Proper hand hygiene is the single biggest defense against spread of diseases and therefore the caregivers' compliance with hand hygiene is one of the most effective tools in preventing Healthcare Associated Infections (HAIs) in such institutions. In this paper, we present a system prototype of interconnected hand-hygiene stations that use a combination Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) and Internet-of-Things (IoT) technologies for monitoring the hand hygiene compliance rate. The cloud-connected hand hygiene stations can cooperate to detect hand hygiene events in real-time, and help measuring the hand hygiene compliance at large-scale health-care facilities where it is deployed. The presented work is an initial phase of an on-going research study on hand hygiene compliance. Further phases of the system are currently being developed. The proposed system is desired to be scalable, and easy to install so that it can overcome most of the problems of existing related systems.

SH18IOT157 Agricultural Crop Monitoring using IOT -A Study
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Abstract:-.

SH18IOT158 IOT Goes Nuclear Creating A ZigBee Chain Reaction
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Abstract:-In this article, we describe a new type of attack on IoT devices, which exploits their ad hoc networking capabilities via the Zigbee wireless protocol, and thus cannot be monitored or stopped by standard Internet-based protective mechanisms. We developed and verified the attack using the Philips Hue smart lamps as a platform, by exploiting a major bug in the implementation of the Zigbee Light Link protocol, and a weakness in the firmware update process. By plugging in a single infected lamp anywhere in the city, an attacker can create a chain reaction in which a worm can jump from any lamp to all its physical neighbors, and thus stealthily infect the whole city if the density of smart lamps in it is high enough. This makes it possible to turn all the city's smart lights on or off, to brick them, or to use them to disrupt nearby Wi-Fi transmissions.

SH18IOT159 An Autonoumous Wireless Body Area Network Implementation Toward IOT Connected Healthcare Applications
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Abstract:-.

SH18IOT160 Energy Harvesting For IOT Sensors Utilizing MEMS Technology
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Abstract:-The growing need for alternative sources to power sensors and portable devices has led to many power-scavenging solutions from ambient energy sources. As the technology scales down and the supply voltage drops, the complexity of power scavenging circuits increases. This paper presents a new transducer circuit utilizing MEMS technology together with a super-diode to convert ambient vibration energy to usable electrical energy efficiently. An integrated MEMS actuator containing a switch is used to eliminate the loss of efficiency due to the threshold voltage of diodes commonly used to implement electrostatic transducers. A super-diode has also been used to eliminate the need for synchronization while increasing the overall efficiency. Simulation results using Cadence design tools indicate an increased efficiency by more than 27% compared to the conventional electrostatic transducer.

SH18IOT161 Analysis of Three IOT - Based Wireless Sensors For Environmental Monitoring
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Abstract:-.

SH18IOT162 Internet of Thing And Big Data Analytics For Smart and Connected Communities
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Abstract:-This paper promotes the concept of smart and connected communities SCC, which is evolving from the concept of smart cities. SCC are envisioned to address synergistically the needs of remembering the past (preservation and revitalization), the needs of living in the present (livability), and the needs of planning for the future (attainability). Therefore, the vision of SCC is to improve livability, preservation, revitalization, and attainability of a community. The goal of building SCC for a community is to live in the present, plan for the future, and remember the past. We argue that Internet of Things (IoT) has the potential to provide a ubiquitous network of connected devices and smart sensors for SCC, and big data analytics has the potential to enable the move from IoT to real-time control desired for SCC. We highlight mobile crowdsensing and cyber-physical cloud computing as two most important IoT technologies in promoting SCC. As a case study, we present TreSight, which integrates IoT and big data analytics for smart tourism and sustainable cultural heritage in the city of Trento, Italy.

SH18IOT163 Design of Monitoring Device for COD Parameter in Industrial Sewage Based on soft Measurment Method
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Abstract:-Design of Monitoring Device for COD Parameter in Industrial Sewage Based on soft Measurment Method

SH18IOT164 Efficient Low Cost Supervisory System For Internet of Things Enabled Smart Home
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Abstract:-Internet of Things (IoT) is a hot and debated subject in current digitalized era. IoT enables internet connectivity for all kinds of devices and physical objects. The current world is approaching towards virtualization of different types of systems that enables performing activities without direct physical interaction. The combination of high-speed internet and intelligent devices makes it easier to manage multiple jobs smoothly without the limitation of distances. The outstanding advantages of these promising technologies require the deployment and utilization of proper methods to handle the difficulties arise with these new applications. in the real world. This paper propose an efficient low cost supervisory system for smart home automation that can be managed using IoT. The proposed system is based on Apriori algorithm and will help to monitor and control all the home appliances and electronic devices through a supervisory system in a most efficient and reliable manner. Both the consumers and the suppliers will get the opportunity to manage the power distribution by monitoring the electricity consumption.

SH18IOT165 Fire Alarming And Authentication System For Workhouse Using Raspberry Pi
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Abstract:-Ensuring minimum rights and safety of the garment workers has become a burning issue nowadays. The workers of garment factories are facing some labyrinths and broken out of fire is surely one of them. The investors are losing their interest and the prominence of this sector is getting toneless. In this paper, we have propounded a system which is capable to detect fire and can provide the location of the affected region. Raspberry Pi 3 has been used to control multiple Arduino which are integrated with a couple of sensors and camera. A 360° relay motor is assembled with the camera so that it can snap the image in whatever angle the fire is detected. We have provided a confirmation of the fire suspecting system to avoid any false alarm. The system will immediately send a message along with the image of the affected spot and Arduino's location. An admin can confirm or deny the impeachment and if the admin confirms the situation as a breaking out of fire, then the system will immediately raise an alarm and an automatic message will be sent to the nearby fire brigade.

SH18IOT166 Developing Portable Instrument Based on Internet of Things for Air Quality Information System
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Abstract:-This paper describes the proposed system, which is able to monitor, record and give indicator about air quality information especially the CO values in the environment. The system is designed to work real time using web-based and android applications. A portable gas detector was developed using micro controller. In order to detect the CO value, TGS2600 is used; here an additional function is added by using a thermal sensor to detect the temperature in the environment. Furthermore, a WiFi module is attached to the micro controller to send the data and communicate with the web-based server. The advantage of the proposed system is that, the users can monitor, record and get a warning about the CO value portably. Moreover, the user can also setup the threshold level of each parameter. The proposed system was to be tested using by Black-box method to test the functionality. The results showed that the system runs well with 0% error and can show the CO and temperature values in real time.

SH18IOT167 First step towards an IOT implementation of a Wireless Sensors network for environmental radiation monitoring
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Abstract:-The paper deals with the problem of designing and implementing an inexpensive wide area sensors network for environmental radiological monitoring. To this aim, the measurement node takes advantage from a low-cost, Linux based, development platform, and some new open-source software tool, which are pushed towards a network-oriented vision of Internet of Things (IoT).

SH18IOT168 Design and Implementation of Health care System Using IOT
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Abstract:-In recent years, people with lifestyle-related diseases are increasing, because of lack of exercise, overeating, stress and smoking. With this situation, applications of Personal Computer (PC) or smart phone which support healthy life are widespread. Turning to the system dealing with meal information, there are two type systems. One is that meal records are inputted by hand and managed as meal logs. Another one is that a meal image is shot by a smart phone, and meal contents are recorded by image recognition. However, these systems need a lot of time for inputting of meal contents or shooting of meal images. Therefore, it is difficult to continue use. Moreover, the second system has a problem for accuracy of image recognition. In this paper, to solve these problems, we propose a meal information collection system which uses IoT wireless tags. An IoT wireless tag is corresponded to a meal and the system can automatically get meal information such as meal contents, meal sequence, meal time and so on. We implemented the meal information collection system which aims automatic collection and getting of various information which do not get at other systems. From the evaluation results of collection accuracy and comparison with conventional systems, we verified effectiveness of the proposed system.

SH18IOT169 Design and Implementation of Indoor Environment Monitoring and Control System
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Abstract:-A query processor to control and manage the reliability and efficiency of sensor nodes in a wireless sensor network was designed and implemented. Sensor node with the proposed query process combines environmental and medical sensors in order to monitor both pollution states of the surrounding indoor room of the patient and the patient's health status continuously. This feature allows a comprehensive understanding of the patient's condition in indoor environment. Another feature of our system provides an anytime, anyway, anyservice and effective way for connecting our indoor environmental and medical sensor nodes of sensor network to outside world. This paper presents a tiny aggregation service and reliable query protocol for aggregation in sensor node. The tiny aggregation allows users to make simple and declarative queries with reliability and efficiency in low-power wireless sensor node. The reliable query protocol in indoor environment and medical sensor node is very effective because of power saving and reliable data transmission between sensor nodes.

SH18IOT170 A Study on Smart Monitoring and Management of Track running Self -Testing System Based on internet of Things
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Abstract:-.

SH18IOT171 IoT-based Health Care System for Elderly People
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Abstract:-In a world with an accelerated population aging, there is an increasingly interest in developing solutions for the elderly living assistance. The Internet of Things is a new reality that is completely changing our everyday life, and promises to revolutionize modern healthcare by enabling a more personalized, preventive and collaborative form of care. Aiming to combine these two important topics, this work presents an IoT-ready solution for the elderly living assistance which is able to monitor and register patients vital information as well as to provide mechanisms to trigger alarms in emergency situations. Its effective low-power/low-cost and wireless characteristics turns this solution suitable to be used anywhere and by anyone, in a discrete and comfortable wristband. Experiments demonstrated a good system performance for the implemented functionalities, and regarding the autonomy we obtained an average battery lifetime of 306 hours (around 12 days). For the working range, the system have proved to perform well within a range of 60 meters before the out-of-range warning being triggered.

SH18IOT172 Performance Enhancement And IOT Based Monitoring For Smart Home Using Raspberry Pi
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Abstract:-In recent years, home automation has become so popular due to its numerous advantages. The home environment has witnessed a rapid introduction of network enabled digital technology. This technology comes with new and exciting opportunities to increase the connectivity of different devices within the home for the purpose of home automation. This paper aims at designing a basic home automation system of controlling multiple appliances which can be monitored and accessed from anywhere in the world with very low cost. The technology incorporates Raspberry Pi and the web server. The Raspberry Pi and Arduino integrated with Nrf modules are used to monitor the home environment appliances, and the readings are passed to the web server designed. The parameters or commands sent through web page are monitored frequently and if any threats found the mobile connected to this web server is alerted through an alarm or message. The user can access this application from anywhere in the world. The result produced is low cost advantageous and absolute. Performance Analysis of different protocols (MQTT, HTTP and CoAP) is estimated using visualizations.

SH18IOT173 IoT applications on Secure Smart Shopping System
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Abstract:-The Internet of Things (IoT) is changing human lives by connecting everyday objects together. For example, in a grocery store, all items can be connected with each other, forming a smart shopping system. In such an IoT system, an inexpensive radio frequency identification (RFID) tag can be attached to each product which, when placed into a smart shopping cart, can be automatically read by a cart equipped with an RFID reader. As a result, billing can be conducted from the shopping cart itself, preventing customers from waiting in a long queue at checkout. Additionally, smart shelving can be added into this system, equipped with RFID readers, and can monitor stock, perhaps also updating a central server. Another benefit of this kind of system is that inventory management becomes much easier, as all items can be automatically read by an RFID reader instead of manually scanned by a laborer. To validate the feasibility of such a system, in this paper we identify the design requirements of a smart shopping system, build a prototype system to test functionality, and design a secure communication protocol to make the system practical. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time a smart shopping system is proposed with security under consideration.

SH18IOT174 Internet of Things based smart Tracking
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Abstract:-Internet-of-things (IoT) being an emerging technology has been introduced as a more reliable and promising solution to meet the today's communication requirements. Radio frequency identification (RFID) is among one of the enabling technologies to support IoT. The proposed tag is multi-resonator based structure, loaded with 7-triangular shaped cascaded resonators. Each triangle is loaded with two open slots. The slot positioning for each triangle structure is different so that they can produce resonances at different frequencies. Therefore, the tag is capable of transmitting 7-bit data, as each resonator corresponds to one bit. The tag can generate 2 7 =128 binary combination to tag multiple items/objects. The tag structure is designed and analyzed for three different substrates, i.e., Taconic TLX-0, RT/duroid 5880 and Kapton ® HN. The low-cost frequency signature based chipless RFID tag can be used in smart tracking applications.

SH18IOT175 Real-time signal quality-aware ECG telemetry system for IOT-based health care monitoring
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Abstract:-In this paper, we propose a novel signal quality-aware Internet of Things (IoT)-enabled electrocardiogram (ECG) telemetry system for continuous cardiac health monitoring applications. The proposed quality-aware ECG monitoring system consists of three modules: 1) ECG signal sensing module; 2) automated signal quality assessment (SQA) module; and 3) signal-quality aware (SQAw) ECG analysis and transmission module. The main objectives of this paper are: design and development of a light-weight ECG SQA method for automatically classifying the acquired ECG signal into acceptable or unacceptable class and real-time implementation of proposed IoT-enabled ECG monitoring framework using ECG sensors, Arduino, Android phone, Bluetooth, and cloud server. The proposed framework is tested and validated using the ECG signals taken from the MIT-BIH arrhythmia and Physionet challenge databases and the real-time recorded ECG signals under different physical activities. Experimental results show that the proposed SQA method achieves promising results in identifying the unacceptable quality of ECG signals and outperforms existing methods based on the morphological and RR interval features and machine learning approaches. This paper further shows that the transmission of acceptable quality of ECG signals can significantly improve the battery lifetime of IoT-enabled devices. The proposed quality-aware IoT paradigm has great potential for assessing clinical acceptability of ECG signals in improvement of accuracy and reliability of unsupervised diagnosis system.

SH18IOT176 Vehicle anti Traking System Based on Internet of Things
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Abstract:-.

SH18IOT177 MEMS based smart gas metering for internet of things
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Abstract:-Utilities have traditionally employed or contracted meter readers to collect natural gas usage data, which is expensive and time consuming, and thus necessitates the need of smart natural gas metering. Existing gas metering systems mainly focus on measuring the amount of gas flowing through an microelectro mechanical system (MEMS) thermal gas flow sensor and simply ignore the detailed gas composition. From computational fluid mechanics simulations, however, we discover that gases with different compositions will cause different effects on the reading of an MEMS sensor. Based on a thorough analysis of the working principle of MEMS thermal gas flow sensor, we propose an innovative mechanism to compensate the errors caused by different types of natural gases on the sensor's reading. The proposed solution first measures the physical property of metered gas to derive the composition correction coefficient that will then be used to correct the meter's reading errors, considering the relation between the calorific value and physical property of natural gases. In this way, the proposed solution realizes a real-time multicomposition gas metering via thermal gas flow sensors. We implement and evaluate the proposed gas metering technique in various Internet of Things systems, including industrial flow metering, gas metering in smart home, and gas metering in low-power wide-area networks. Experiment results verify the innovative design and confirm that the proposed solution features high sensitivity, high precision, and high range ratio.

SH18IOT178 Proposing Secure and Lightweight Authentication Scheme for IoT Based E-Health Applications
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Abstract:-The Internet of Things (IoT) is the collection of connected smart devices\objects through internet network. The rapid development of IoT and vast expansion of wireless technologies unfold the new chances of growth in several domains such as, Education, Transportation, Agriculture, and especially in the Healthcare sector. Introducing the IoT through healthcare applications fetch several benefits, including cost savings through lowered hospital visiting costs, health care provider costs, transportation costs, human resource costs and the insurance costs. It leads to an added advantage of improved quality care in health care. However, increasing use of the IoT services in E-health applications has led to increase the concerns of security and privacy, especially in healthcare domain. In fact, healthcare applications are prone to data breaches and widening issues in security aspects owing to increasing number of access points to sensitive data through electronic medical records, as well as the rising popularity of wearable technology. For example, of these issues, authentication of the different connected entities, energy efficiency and exchanged data confidentiality form the major concerns for users. Therefore, the successful deployment of IoT-based E-health application rely on overcome the major security concerns for the users which needs to be addressed in energy efficient way. Though a number of researches have conducted for lightweight secure authentication, there is still a great room for further research to address security challenges as well as its energy efficiency for those security authentication schemes in IoT. There is a great need to design and develop a lightweight secure authentication model, which offers significant security level against multiple attacks such as mainly: Impersonation attacks, man in the middle attack and unknown key sharing attacks for IoT base E-health domain. This research proposed a secure group-based lightweight authentication schem...

SH18IOT179 IoT based Vehicle Parking Manager
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Abstract:-The main objective of this project is to design a solution for overcoming the parking issues that exist in public places such as malls, multiplexes etc. especially on weekends. The aim is to achieve this by using the concept of Internet of Things (IoT), wherein an Android Application is created for the customer, whose details are constantly updated by the hardware/server at the location. The features include unique identification for each vehicle, display of available parking slots on the mobile application, possibility of making reservations for the same, maintenance of a database (for the management).

SH18IOT180 Low Cost Home Automation System Using Wi-Fi Based Wireless Sensor Network Incorporating Internet of Things(IoT)
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Abstract:-With the rapid increase in usage and reliance on the vivid features of smart devices, the need for interconnecting them is genuine. Many existing systems have ventured into the sphere of Home Automation but have apparently failed to provide cost-effective solutions for the same. This paper illustrates a methodology to provide a low cost Home Automation System (HAS) using Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi). This crystallizes the concept of internetworking of smart devices. A Wi-Fi based Wireless Sensor Network(WSN) is designed for the purpose of monitoring and controlling environmental, safety and electrical parameters of a smart interconnected home. The user can exercise seamless control over the devices in a smart home via the Android application based Graphical User Interface (GUI) on a smartphone. The overall cost of large scale implementation of this system is about INR 6000 or USD 100.

SH18IOT181 Multiple Motion Control System of Robotic Car Based on IoT to Produce Cloud Service
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Abstract:-The world of control is an exciting field that has exploded with new technologies where the Internet of Things (IoT) vision becomes reality. This paper proposes a multiple motion controlling mechanism of a robotic car using Raspberry Pi which works as master and Arduino UNO which works as slave. Each device is uniquely identifiable by the controlling software which is the core concept of IoT. Client manages the activities of the car from remote or distant places over the internet by voice commands and Universal Windows Application and also able to get data and feedback. The main contribution of this paper is that it leverages the efficiency of robot's motion controlling system because robotic car can receive direct commands at a time from multiple sources which make the maneuvering system more efficient. Both device and client do not need to be online at the same time. Commands and data are stored in cloud service which delivers them when the device is ready to receive. A GPS system is incorporated thus clients can trace the car. The system has ultrasonic distance sensor for avoiding obstacles coming in between its path. We present the architecture and design of the Raspberry Pi and Arduino communication software and illustrate how to control the car by means of commands and application.

SH18IOT182 A Two-level Traffic Light Control Strategy for Preventing Incident-Based Urban Traffic Congestion
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Abstract:-This work designs a two-level strategy at signalized intersections for preventing incident-based urban traffic congestion by adopting additional traffic warning lights. The first-level one is a ban signal strategy that is used to stop the traffic flow driving toward some directions, and the second-level one is a warning signal strategy that gives traffic flow a recommendation of not driving to some directions. As a visual and mathematical formalism for modeling discrete-event dynamic systems, timed Petri nets are utilized to describe the cooperation between traffic lights and warning lights, and then verify their correctness. A two-way rectangular grid network is modeled via a cell transmission model. The effectiveness of the proposed two-level strategy is evaluated through simulations in the grid network. The results reveal the influences of some major parameters, such as the route-changing rates of vehicles, operation time interval of the proposed strategy, and traffic density of the traffic network on a congestion dissipation process. The results can be used to improve the state of the art in preventing urban road traffic congestion caused by incidents.

SH18IOT183 A Unified Framework for Vehicle Rerouting and Traffic Light Control to Reduce Traffic Congestion
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Abstract:-As the number of vehicles grows rapidly each year, more and more traffic congestion occurs, becoming a big issue for civil engineers in almost all metropolitan cities. In this paper, we propose a novel pheromone-based traffic management framework for reducing traffic congestion, which unifies the strategies of both dynamic vehicle rerouting and traffic light control. Specifically, each vehicle, represented as an agent, deposits digital pheromones over its route, while roadside infrastructure agents collect the pheromones and fuse them to evaluate real-time traffic conditions as well as to predict expected road congestion levels in near future. Once road congestion is predicted, a proactive vehicle rerouting strategy based on global distance and local pheromone is employed to assign alternative routes to selected vehicles before they enter congested roads. In the meanwhile, traffic light control agents take online strategies to further alleviate traffic congestion levels. We propose and evaluate two traffic light control strategies, depending on whether or not to consider downstream traffic conditions. The unified pheromone-based traffic management framework is compared with seven other approaches in simulation environments. Experimental results show that the proposed framework outperforms other approaches in terms of traffic congestion levels and several other transportation metrics, such as air pollution and fuel consumption. Moreover, experiments over various compliance and penetration rates show the robustness of the proposed framework.

SH18IOT184 Automatic Detection of Red Light Running Using Vehicular Cameras
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Abstract:-Red light running is a very common traffic violation. Nowadays, vehicles running red traffic lights are detected by sensors fixed on the streets. However a very small percentage of all traffic lights is equipped with such sensors. For this reason, this work proposes a red light running detection system that analyzes the video captured by a camera inside the vehicle. The goal of the proposed algorithm is to monitor the behavior of drivers in public transportation, without any intervention in driving itself, but rather acting in an educational way. Tests are performed using publicly available benchmark videos and other recordings taken in the traffic of a large city. The results are compared based on the execution time, accuracy and error rates. The video processing took less than one tenth of the video duration and the accuracy was up to 96%.

SH18IOT185 Intelligent Home Automation System using BiT Voicer
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Abstract:-.

SH18IOT186 On Detecting Acceptable Air Contamination in Classrooms using Low Cost Sensors
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Abstract:-In present scenario of the world, environmental pollution is one of the leading challenges. Most often the educational institutes and organizations in developing countries suffer from polluted environment due to overcrowded rooms, improper planning and poor infrastructure. Students/faculties in a classroom could suffer from health issues due to prolonged exposure to such environment. On an average a student/faculty is exposed to such environment for eight hours per day. A student/faculty could undergo physical as well as cognitive hazards. This paper tends to detect the duration for which a classroom environment can be considered healthy for a given number of students. We built an Air Quality Monitoring Unit using low cost gas sensors which could compare the air contamination level of the environment with specified standards to detect when the environment tends to get uncomfortable for students/faculties. This in turn could result in reduced absentees and improved performance of students/faculties. Some useful results came to our observation such as, in a class of 30 students the concentration level of CO2 increases about 28.14% as compared to empty classroom whereas in a class of 40 students in the same classroom it increases about 55.33% in a duration of 2 hours.

SH18IOT187 Eyrie Smart Home Automation using Internet of Things
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Abstract:-This paper describes the use of various open source hardware such as Arduino, Raspberry Pi, etc. to build smart and secure homes. The hardware is open source and hence cost efficient. This home automation system allows the end user to monitor his home or office with a smartphone, tablet, or any computer. This paper also explains the use of the security system for fire hazards that may occur due to a gas leakage and can be detected using a smoke sensor. It uses a low power NRF24L trans-receiver at each node around the house to create a mesh network that connects to a Linux based central hub. Users can monitor the house from anywhere and get periodic alerts. In the proposed work, the house can also be controlled using voice commands such as Google Voice, Apple HomeKit and Alexa.

SH18IOT188 Internet of Things based on Android Technology for people with disabilities
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Abstract:-In the present project, a wireless connection (via Bluetooth) is made between a mobile device and a light control system, in order to manage the on and off of the domestic light. This application can be adapted to any electrical installation, only adding a Bluetooth touch panel, allowing the disabled people in the mobility, control the on and off of the lights of your home, regardless of where you are in your home, manage it from your own mobile device or from the touch panels installed in strategic places of your home. This application has been developed using the software autodesk circuit and bluetooth over Arduino, allowing this circuit can be managed or controlled from a mobile phone that has Android technology. In this way we take advantage of the advantages offered by the use of wireless connections (Bluetooth) in everyday life.

SH18IOT189 Design and Implementation of a Fingerprint Based Lock System for Shared Access
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Abstract:-Security has always been a major concern for the households and the office environment, and for this concern various approaches are in place to address the problem. Most of the major door lock security systems have several loopholes which could be broken down to gain access to the desired places, and it creates a concern for a secure lifestyle and proper working environment. Additionally, terrorism and unauthorized access to places have become a major issue now-a-days, and there is a need for a secure system to prevent unauthorized access especially in shared access environment. With this consideration, a design and prototype of a biometric fingerprint based door lock system has been presented in this paper. Biometric systems such as fingerprint provide tools to enforce reliable logs of system transactions and protect an individual's right to privacy. The RFID or password based door lock mechanisms can easily be compromised when the RFID card or passwords are shared or stolen, thus for facilities with shared access require biometric-based secure system. In the proposed system, fingerprints of the authorized users are enrolled and verified to provide access to a facility that is used by multiple users. A user can also be removed and a new user can be enrolled in the system. We have implemented a centralized control system from where we can control who can enter in which rooms and who cannot. This is an Arduino UNO device based flexible working device that provides physical security using the fingerprint sensor technology.

SH18IOT190 Proposing Secure and Lightweight Authentication Scheme for IoT Based E-Health Applications
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Abstract:-The Internet of Things (IoT) is the collection of connected smart devices\objects through internet network. The rapid development of IoT and vast expansion of wireless technologies unfold the new chances of growth in several domains such as, Education, Transportation, Agriculture, and especially in the Healthcare sector. Introducing the IoT through healthcare applications fetch several benefits, including cost savings through lowered hospital visiting costs, health care provider costs, transportation costs, human resource costs and the insurance costs. It leads to an added advantage of improved quality care in health care. However, increasing use of the IoT services in E-health applications has led to increase the concerns of security and privacy, especially in healthcare domain. In fact, healthcare applications are prone to data breaches and widening issues in security aspects owing to increasing number of access points to sensitive data through electronic medical records, as well as the rising popularity of wearable technology. For example, of these issues, authentication of the different connected entities, energy efficiency and exchanged data confidentiality form the major concerns for users. Therefore, the successful deployment of IoT-based E-health application rely on overcome the major security concerns for the users which needs to be addressed in energy efficient way. Though a number of researches have conducted for lightweight secure authentication, there is still a great room for further research to address security challenges as well as its energy efficiency for those security authentication schemes in IoT. There is a great need to design and develop a lightweight secure authentication model, which offers significant security level against multiple attacks such as mainly: Impersonation attacks, man in the middle attack and unknown key sharing attacks for IoT base E-health domain. This research proposed a secure group-based lightweight authentication schem...